Questions about calendars. The Jewish calendar is a lunisolar calendar that determines the dates of Jewish festivals.

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4
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1answer
550 views

Mashiv HaRuach - V'Sain (veten) Tal Umatar

Why do we start saying Mashiv HaRuach on Shemini Atzeres yet we do not say V'Sain Tal Umatar until Dec 4 / Dec 5 (In Chutz L'Aretz)? Why should they not be on the same day when they are similar ...
3
votes
3answers
505 views

Why “hayom yom rishon”, not “echad”?

Rabbi Menachem Greenblatt (St. Louis, Missouri) mentioned at s'uda sh'lishis (Shabas parashas "Ki Setze" 5772) that the correct name for Sunday is echad b(a?)shabas, as is written in k'suvos and ...
3
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4answers
799 views

Where can I find a chart of the Mishna Yomit (daily Mishna learning)?

Where can I find a chart of the Mishna Yomit (daily Mishna learning) - either online or offline?
3
votes
3answers
293 views

Moshe Rabeinu's Yarzheit

It is common knowledge that Moshe Rabeinu was Niftar on 7 Adar. Was it a plain year with 1 Adar or a leap year with 2 Adars? If it was a leap year on what Adar was he Niftar?
3
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1answer
105 views

Selichos start: Ashkinazim vs. Sefardim

Why do Sefardim start saying Sleichos earlier than Ashkinazim?
2
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2answers
91 views

Secular Names for Days of the Week

Is there a problem using the secular names for the days of the week? If so, is it 1) because they originally come from Polytheistic gods or 2) simply because the people forbidding them are of the ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Making up a synagogue calendar manually is tedious work. Which software can do the calculations automatically?

The year 2014 starts soon. Lots of synagogues print up a customized calendar every year. (Sample.) Such a calendar includes shul-specific information (e.g. service times and maybe a weekly class or ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Eating new grains on the 17th vs the 18th of Nisan

The Shulhan 'Aruch (OC 489:10) states: אסור לאכול חדש אף בזמן הזה בין לחם בין קלי בין כרמל עד תחלת ליל יח בניסן ובארץ ישראל עד תחלת ליל יז בניסן "It is forbidden to eat new (grains) even ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

What sources are there for the meaning of Yom HaMeyuchos (2nd Sivan)?

Ohr Sameach gives the chronology according to Rashi of the giving of the Torah. Early the following morning, the 2nd of Sivan, Moshe goes up Mt. Sinai for the first time. He is instructed to ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

On which day in Teveis did this happen?

In Megilas Esther 2:16 it mentions that Esther was taken in Teveis to Achasverosh's palace. Does anyone know on which day of the month this happened?
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0answers
27 views

May the Jewish year be abbreviated in legal documents?

In conjunction with this question I would like to know if the popular abbreviation for the Jewish year 5774 commonly written as תשע״ד may be used in legal documents and if so why.
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Why do we abbreviate the Jewish year to the hundreds column?

The current Jewish year is 5774 however it is popularly abbreviated as 774 - תשע״ד. I would like to know why this abbreviation was adopted. I realize that to write out the number 5,000 would require ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Is Jewish birthday the same every lunar year

I understand the Jewish birthday is calculated on the lunar year, which could cause the birthday to drift back and fourth along the lunar calendar. But supposing the child was born, say, first day of ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Why are the daily tehilim divided as they are?

How were the daily starting and ending points for weekly and monthly readings of all of tehilim chosen? Are they just chosen to make them all approximately the same length, or are there specific ...
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0answers
22 views

Trying to get Shmita year dates without a headache [duplicate]

I would like to know the shmita dates starting from 5775-5733. example:5775 (25 Sept 2014 - 13 Sept 2015)