questions about short prayers called b'rachos ("benedictions" or "blessings")

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what bracha do you make on seaweed and algae?

These two grow on the soil in the ocean. Is the term "adamah" applicable only to the dry land or does it apply to the land in the ocean as well? Note: I am referring to eating just the seaweed itself; ...
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30 views

Are women obligated to say the morning blessings?

Are women obligated to say the morning blessings and perform the ritual hand washing?
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2answers
437 views

matzah = mezonos or hamotzi

What is the reasoning of the 2 different minhagim (traditions) on what bracha to say on matzah when its not Peasach?
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24 views

Counting Omer - yesterday was the day before today

If someone asks me which night of the Omer it is tonight, and I answer by telling them that last night was the night before the 5th night (on the 5th night), can I still count with a blessing? ...
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3answers
289 views

May one say a blessing on light bulbs for shabbat

If one doesn't have candles for shabbat, may one say a blessing on light bulbs? Since the point is to have light for שלום בית (household serenity), it would seem that electric lights would have the ...
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1answer
84 views

Why do we say ha-motzi before al achilat matzah instead of after?

I was taught that it's important not to make an interruption between a b'racha and its fulfillment, such that we don't say anything between making motzi and eating the bread. To me the b'racha is ...
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1answer
112 views

What consititutes a “complete interruption” between talis katan and gadol?

This page references an uncited location in the Mishneh Berura and says that "[O]ne only makes separate berachos if there is a complete interuption between the talis katan and gadol. Just walking to ...
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37 views

Chazals intention behind bedikat hametz

Nowdays, it seems to be standard for jewish family's to begin cleaning their houses days before Pesach. By the time bedikat hametz arrives, the houses are usually hametz free. From reading Talmud ...
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1answer
89 views

Is the brochah made on gum for the base or the flavoring?

When the brochah shehakol is made on gum, is the brochah being made on the gum base, or the flavoring? (I'm assuming one makes a brochah on gum, but maybe not: see ...
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6answers
2k views

Why don't we thank God for making us men/women?

In the brachos we say every morning, men thank God for "not making them a woman" (and women thank God for "creating them according to their needs"). Why don't both men and women just thank God for ...
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3answers
88 views

Why do we say hamotzi lechem min haaretz instead of min haadama?

The blessing for bread is hamotzi lechem min haaretz. The blessing for vegetables is boreh pri haadama. As far as I know aretz (land) and adama (soil or earth) are basically synonymous. I would like ...
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1answer
74 views

Eved Knani versus a Woman

In terms of obligation in mitzvos, what is the difference between an Eved Knani and a woman? And if they are the same, why do we have two separate brachos for each in the morning prayers?
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1answer
67 views

How long does a Bracha last for if I'm moving around in a building?

I work in a school with quite a large building. I have my own office, but I spend a lot of time out of it, checking the building, going into classrooms etc. If I make a Bracha on food and then leave ...
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2answers
124 views

Bracha on Potato Skin

Suppose I enjoy eating plain potato skins. What bracha would I make? As always, please cite your sources.
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1answer
80 views

Do guests need to be made to make an afterblessing?

My impression is that there's a halakha that, if you give food to a Jewish person, you must make him or her make a blessing on the food. If you know that the person will refuse to do so, you may not ...
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1answer
96 views

Birchas Illonos questions

From when until when are you allowed to make the bracha,and what is optimum?
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1answer
97 views

What Bracha do we say on bread baked with evaporated mei peiros?

If one bakes bread made out of flour and pure fruit juice, it becomes pas haba bekisnin and the bracha is (at times) mezonos. What if one distilled fruit juice (to produce water) and baked bread out ...
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2answers
95 views

What if the tafel comes to hand first?

Although there are varying opinions among the acharonim, the common practice is that only one b'racha rishona is said before eating a mixture of two items that normally require different b'rachos, ...
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1answer
58 views

Why does Rav Saadia Gaon say to make a bracha by Orchatz and Borei Nephashot after Karpas?

In the Siddur of Rav Saadia Gaon on page 136, where he discusses the Pesach Seder, he says that when we do Orchatz we are supposed to make a bracha, and after Karpas to say Borei Nephashot. However, ...
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1answer
346 views

The single male and shabbat

Is a single male permitted to light the shabbat candles and say the blessing? And if so, how many candles? Do the rules change based on whether alone or in the company any single females?
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3answers
239 views

December 25 Greetings

Is it permitted say any of the following to a Christian colleague: 1) Merry Christmas 2) Happy Xmas 3) Happy Holidays I am specifically referring to initiating a greeting not responding to such a ...
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2answers
70 views

Why do we make blessings on mitzvot d'rabbanan at the second seder?

As far as I know mitzvot such as eating marror or saying hallel at the Pesach seder are only rabbinic (the marror was biblical previously but I am told that is no longer so). If this is the case and ...
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1answer
47 views

Ex post facto realization of having seen a living member of a royal family

If one happened to be in a place at a time when a member of a royal family walked by, should one make the Berachah that one says upon seeing a king? Assume the royal person did, in fact, wield great ...
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1answer
34 views

Giving Blessings at a Wedding

I have noticed a custom among wedding-goers to receive blessings from the bride and the groom at weddings, usually when they come over to the new couple's table for well-wishing during the meal. Why ...
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33 views

Secular sources with Torah wisdom

Some secular books have a hefty amount of wisdom that we find in our Torah sources. For example, 7 Habits of Highly Effective People has a lot of almost verbatim lessons from Pirkei Avos, although ...
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1answer
73 views

Blessing on Shabbat candle lighting for men

Should a man say the blessing then light the shabbos candles or light the candles first then say the blessing?
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3answers
3k views

Meaning and Difference between baruch and bar'chu

I'm sorry, I don't know a word of Hebrew, and I really want to know what these sentences mean: Bar'chu et Adonai ham'vorach l'olam vaed Baruch atah Adonai If I didn't write them correctly, ...
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3answers
197 views

No Blessing on marital relations?

Yebamoth 61b discusses the positive commandment of being fruitful and multiplying. As far as I am aware, one makes no blessing before intercourse. why not? Please cite sources!
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1answer
98 views

Why is there no asher yatzar after marital relations?

No Blessing on Sexual Intercourse? discusses a before blessing. Why is there no after blessing for ejaculation? Here are some reasons why ejaculation is different from sneezing It occurs in the ...
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2answers
170 views

Jewish responses to a sneeze

I have heard la'briut and gezuntheit, and a Sephardic (Lebanese) Jew recently taught me 'tai-shi'. What are other words or phrases which are used to respond when someone sneezes?
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259 views

When I wake up before Alot Hshachar and won't go back to sleep, what can/can't I do?

If I wake up early in the morning, like any time from 2am to 6am, before Alot Hashachar, and I'm pretty sure I'll start my day and not go back to sleep, at least not before a possible afternoon nap, ...
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0answers
42 views

Washing (with a blessing) before continuing a meal with no more bread

As noted elsewhere on the site, the Shulchan Aruch (OC 164:2) rules that someone who, in the middle of a bread meal, touches his thigh must then wash his hands and say the blessing "al n'tilas ...
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1answer
70 views

Why do we say “shelo asani isha” everyday? [duplicate]

Why is it that we say shelo asani isha/sheasani kirtzono every day? Presumably we would only need to thank Hashem once for making us the gender he made us.
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58 views

Is wine from a Miracle Machine subject to Stam Yenam?

This article describes a kickstarter for a machine to make wine quickly out of grape juice concentrates. My question is twofold: Is such wine subject to stam yenam? Is it even Borei pri hagafen?
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2answers
83 views

Making a bracha on kosher ingredients cooked in non-kosher pots?

Is it assur to make a bracha on foods whose ingredients are kosher but cooked in non-kosher utensils? What is the source?
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0answers
37 views

Why does Mishneh Torah have Shem uMalchut for Yishtabach?

I was looking into the Seder haTefillot as well as other siddurim based on it, and something always bothered me about Birkat Yishtabach, which as most of you know "closes" the Pesuqei deZimra section ...
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1answer
92 views

Brocho BEFORE going to the bathroom

I've heard from some lecture that some keep a minhag to have a special prayer before going to the bathroom. If there is such a thing - what is it and where to find it?
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1answer
63 views

HaTov Vehameitiv on hard liquor?

I recently learned a Machlokes between the Rashbam and Tosfos (Arvei Pesachim 101a) on when to say the Bracha of HaTov Vehameitiv on wine. The Rashbam says you make the Bracha if the second bottle is ...
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39 views

Ordering of cholim in bracha r'fayeinu

In shemoneh esrei, if adding in names of cholim in the bracha of r'fayeinu, is there a preferred ordering when mentioning multiple cholim by name? Some possibilities I thought of: doesn't matter ...
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34 views

How much time must pass before making a second beracha on the same food?

If you made a beracha on a food or drink item and you took a sampling of it, how much time must pass until the next sampling for you to be required to make an additional beracha?
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2answers
49 views

Using a Frozen Challah for Lechem Mishneh

If the only available Challah I have for Lechem Mishneh is frozen solid - may it be used ?
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2answers
29 views

Lechem Mishneh - Do both challot have to be touching?

When holding the Lechem Mishneh together while making the bracha - Do both challot have to be touching ? What if one challah was wrapped in cellophane or in a bag (yet held next to the other challah ...
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1answer
114 views

What bracha is made on these culturally Sephardic foods? [closed]

What bracha is made on Kibbe? Lachmajin? Jachnun? And, for each of the foods, why this is so? (I do not know what these foods are made but they taste great.)
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1answer
66 views

Being yotzee a bracha while only having intention from the middle?

Someone was making havdallah and another person was there who decided to not have kavana (intention) to fufill their obligation of the aish (fire) part of havdallah with that person. In the middle of ...
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0answers
30 views

Shinuy Makom in a parked car

If I make a blessing in my kitchen, I can continue to eat in another part of my house without a new blessing (Mishnah Berurah 178:12 and Be'ur Halacha there). Let's say I make a blessing in my ...
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1answer
122 views

Why is it called “safek berachos lehakel” to make a more inclusive beracha?

If one is unsure which blessing a food gets, you make the more inclusive blessing, defaulting to the most inclusive she'hakol if nothing else is inclusive enough to cover all of your bases (Shulchan ...
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1answer
70 views

Why is the blessing of Mezonos not mentioned in the Mishnah?

The Mishnayos of the sixth perek of Berachos discuss all the different blessings which one makes on food, with the exception of the blessing 'borei minei mezonos'. Why is this not mentioned?
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581 views

Where did the “different bracha for mishloach manos” idea come from?

Rambam and Shulchan Aruch say you can send two types of meat as mishloach manos on Purim. Yet somehow I (and many other people, apparently) were taught that the two different items have to be in two ...
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2answers
65 views

Can you make a beracha during hiccups?

If one has hiccups, and needs to make a beracha, is it a problem? There are high chances that some words will be split and mispronounced...
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1answer
109 views

Making a Bracha on pleasurable things

A couple lines up from the bottom of the first daf of Keitzad Mevarchin, the Gemarah gives its reason for making Brachas. Its answer (my translation) is "It is forbidden for a person to get pleasure ...