Questions about short prayers called b'rachos ("benedictions" or "blessings"), generally said to thank God for specific events.

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Berachot before/after Shema in Berachot 2a

On Berachot daf 2a, the gemara says that we have two berachot before Shema and one after (in the morning) and two before, followed by two after (in the evening). As far as I'm aware, there are three ...
3
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1answer
97 views
+50

Burden of proof for birkas “she'Asa nisim”?

The law is recorded in Shulchan Aruch et al. that one who sees lit Chanuka lights and has not lit his own should say the b'racha of שעשה נסים לאבותנו ("...she'asa nisim la'avosenu..."). Could he say ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Do brachos on seeing have to be made within four amos?

Is there any source that says that in order to make a bracha for seeing e.g., a sage of Israel, a sage of the nations, or an unusual animal, one must be within four amos of the person/thing? I found ...
8
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2answers
78 views

What makes something a chag or not?

I have a friend who does not like it when people say 'chag sameach' on hanukah, claiming that hanukah is not a chag. What makes something a chag vs. not a chag?
9
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2answers
101 views

Modeh Ani - When to say the blessing

When is the proper time to say the Modeh Ani blessing? Sometimes people wake up at 4 or 5 am to use the bathroom and then go back to sleep. Is it correct to say the blessing only when waking up for ...
6
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1answer
220 views

Drinking from a drinking fountain throughout the day

This question deals with someone who has a cup of a drink and carries it around all day long, possibly refilling it, etc. I am wondering, for someone who drinks from a drinking fountain every time he ...
13
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3answers
518 views

Why aren't Purim and Channuka considered a violation of לֹא תֹסִפוּ?

It says in Devarim 4:2: לֹא תֹסִפוּ עַל הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם וְלֹא תִגְרְעוּ מִמֶּנּוּ לִשְׁמֹר אֶת מִצְוֹת יְ־הֹוָ־ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם ...
7
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2answers
287 views

Bracha on breastmilk?

Should a child old enough to make brachos who is not weaned be encouraged to make a bracha on breastmilk? If so which one? Are there any direct sources for this?
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14 views

Why does R. Nachman b. Yitzchak say a blessing, and why does the Bavli include it? (שבת דף מו)‎

The Bavli, Shabas 46: Rav Aviya came to Rava's house; his boots were gross with clay. He set [them] on a bed in front of Rava. Rava minded; [Rava] wanted to bother him. [Rava] said to him: Why did ...
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1answer
351 views

Chanuka candles if missed the night

If someone, not on purpose, did not light chanuka candles at night, should he light during the day? With or without a brocho?
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4answers
615 views

Why do we say Shelo Asani Goy?

In Birchas HaShachar we thank God for not making us gentiles by saying "shelo asni goi". Why do we use the negative formation instead of thanking God for making us Jews by saying "she-asani Yehudi" ...
3
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1answer
48 views

If I said the blessings over already lit candles, have I fulfilled my hannukah mitzvah?

On the first night of Hannukah, I got home from work after dinner, and my wife had lit the candles and said the blessings with the kids. I said all three blessings over the already lit candles. In ...
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3answers
334 views

What Bracha did they make on the Mahn?

Did the Jews make a Bracha on eating the Mahn? Which Bracha did they make?
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1answer
48 views

What if you miss the bracha on shechita?

Se we know that you're supposed to make a bracha on shechita. What if you didn't? Would we still be allowed to eat the meat? As has already been established, the blessing should be said immediately ...
9
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1answer
70 views

Should one make a bracha on food if only a child is eating?

I think it is common to make a bracha (blessing) when giving a small child food so that they learn the common brachot and learn to say "amen". Is this appropriate to do if you are not eating the food ...
7
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1answer
46 views

Making a bracha on food which is normally assur, but allowed due to pikuach nefesh

In general, one eating forbidden food does not make a bracha. In certain cases, foods which are usually assur are allowed to be eaten out of a concern of pikuach nefesh -- danger to life. For ...
8
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2answers
235 views

Should a bracha be made on stolen food?

I already know that it is forbidden to make a bracha on a stolen lulav (SA OC 649:1). However, i'm not sure if this also applies to making a bracha on stolen food. The difference seems to be that by a ...
7
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1answer
650 views

Can you say berachot in your underwear?

If for whatever reason you happen to be in your underwear (just woke up, just took a shower, etc), are you allowed to say berachot (such as asher yatzar or shehakol on water) before getting fully ...
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1answer
169 views

How far can I back up in a bracha?

If I start making a bracha over my pasta accidentally intending to say Shehakol (let's say I made the mistake because I normally just have a milkshake for lunch, not pasta, and I didn't put any ...
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1answer
171 views

Making Bracha on Channukah Candles in Jail

Someone who is in jail and is able to light Channukah candles, can/should he make a bracha? I don't know if being in Jail is considered to be like having a home that someone would have a chiyuv to ...
6
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1answer
86 views

Hefsek in being yotzei besamim in havdallah

This past motzei Shabbos, in the Shul where I davened, there were a number of young men who were lining up to be included in the communal havdallah done at the end of Maariv. The person making ...
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2answers
50 views

Why does the Chatima of a bracha not have malchut?

I was reading some of the laws of brachot and saw this statement: This Hatima, with which we conclude "long" B'rakhot (i.e. B'rakhot which have a lot of text and/or mention several themes within ...
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1answer
35 views

Does flavored yogurt get its own blessing during a meal? [closed]

Does flavored yogurt qualify as "dessert" or is it considered part of the meal? If it's dessert, would it require its own blessing? What about plain yogurt?
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1answer
238 views

Hefsek between hagafen and drinking during havdallah

Why does everybody (at least that I have ever seen), say "borei pri hagefen" first of all during havdallah, but not drink the wine until all of the other brachos have been said? Is saying the other ...
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2answers
146 views

What is the difference between (for example) “notein” and “hanotein”?

I was looking through the brachot this morning. Many are structured as identifying hashem as "one who __" such as "matir assurim" or "oteir yisro'el btif'arah." But the final three add in the letter ...
3
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2answers
57 views

Bread with fruit baked into it

What would be the bracha on "bread" that had mashed fruit or vegetable kneaded into the dough, but tastes like bread? For example, if you mashed a few potatoes into the dough, then the bread will ...
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0answers
43 views

Does a sotah make a bracha?

Before drinking the sotah water does the woman make a blessing? If so would it be shahakol or something else?
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1answer
60 views

What to do if you made hamotze on something requiring mezonot?

If you accidentally made a hamotze on a food item only requiring mezonot (mezonot bagels), do you say al hamichya or birkat hamazon for the beracha acharona?
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54 views

Bracha over Shelter

Question for a rainy day: Every day we say Brochos to give thanks and praise over various pleasures and gifts that HaShem gives us. However not everything that would seem worthy of a bracha gets an ...
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4answers
96 views

Where did Yitzchok pull out the blessing for Eisav from?

My paraphrased summary of Bereishit 27:30-39: Eisav comes in to get his blessing. Yitzchok tells him that he already gave the blessing away. Eisav says "bless me too!" Yitzchok says "Sorry, I'm ...
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0answers
26 views

When to answer amen and others and when not to?

If you're in the middle of pisukei dezimra, birchat hamazon, berachot of shema, birkat levanah etc, when are you allowed to respond amen, Baruch uvaruch shemo, aleychem shallom, etc? Is there a ...
5
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0answers
42 views

Beracha achrona on yogurt?

Do you make a boreh nefashot on yogurt according to sepharadim? Is it treated like a liquid, like ice cream, or as a solid? This is in relations to the time needed to eat it. If it's liquid, you ...
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0answers
34 views

What's the definition of “not now” for priority-of-b'racha purposes?

Orach Chayim 211 is about what food to recite a blessing over (that is, and eat) first when one wishes to eat two foods. It's clear that (except according to the Rambam cited in 211:2) one does not ...
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3answers
98 views

Is boreh nefashot said on hot coffee?

Under what conditions, if any, is boreh nefashot said on hot coffee/tea? If one is unsure if he drank "cheekfuls" is he exempt?
13
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3answers
159 views

A rabbi asked me to light candles before weekday Mincha/Ma'ariv. Is this customary? Is there a bracha?

Last night, I was pulled in off the street to help an unfamiliar shul make a minyan for Mincha/Ma'ariv. The rabbi greeted me, and when he learned I do not speak Hebrew, he gave me a very nice blessing ...
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1answer
78 views

What beracha do sefardim make on pizza?

What beracha do sefardim make on pizza? Does the amount of slices eaten make a difference?
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68 views

Do you make a bracha achrona if the food you ate was bad?

Similar to this question, but I ask specifically about bracha achrona -- with the presumption that you probably made a bracha rishona before you ate. (Not that those mitzvot are necessarily linked, ...
7
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1answer
177 views

What does one do when one needs to bentch gomel?

One who has recovered from a serious illness or accident is supposed to bentch gomel during the torah service. What do you need to know to do this? Specifically: When is the right time -- the ...
8
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2answers
889 views

How do you know when to make Chacham Harazim if you can't count Jews?

As I understand it, "Chacham harazim" is the bracha we make upon seeing an assembly of more than 600,000 Jews. I'm not clear on the exact detail of this law/tradition, but I also know we are not ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Why Mishna Berurah chooses chesronaM with a M in borei nefashos?

Mishna Berurah 202:3 quotes the nusach of borei nefashos as "Boreh Nefashos Rabos VeChesronaM" with a M in opposition to the common version vechesronaN with a N. As "vechesronan" is referring to ...
2
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0answers
26 views

Is a beracha given in writing effective?

To whatever extent giving someone a beracha is effective, does a beracha given in writing have the same effect? Is the efficacy of the beracha somehow tied specifically to speech?
2
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1answer
109 views

What is the bracha on shechita?

Is there a bracha (blessing) said for shechita (kosher slaughter)? If so, what is the bracha? Is the blessing said before or after the animal is slaughtered?
5
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1answer
474 views

Is a bracha said when eating non-food items (e.g. paper)?

If someone wants to eat something that is not considered food (e.g. paper), is a bracha required? Obviously if one is, it would be shehacol.
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0answers
60 views

Blessings on Birthdays

There is apparently a practice among contemporary Jews of giving out blessings on one's birthday. Is there any source for this in the Jewish tradition?
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1answer
43 views

Can someone follow the opposite minhag on the bracha for matza during the year?

The Ashkenazic custom is to wash and say hamotzi on matza all year round. The Sephardi custom is to make mezonot when it's not Pesach. Is someone allowed to follow the opposite minhag? I have heard ...
3
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1answer
58 views

Should I only make one Berachah, or should I make one on each different food?

When I was in "Pirchei" boys' youth groups as a child, at snack time I was taught to make a "Mezonos" on my cake, "Shehakol" on my drink, and "Haetz" on my sliced fruit. Then, at the end, the group ...
2
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2answers
63 views

What constitutes as a ברכה שאינה צריכה?

What exactly is a ברכה שאינה צריכה? I have heard, in a shiur about halachot of shabbat, that during shabbat, when you say fewer berachot, you should first say bircat hamazon and then make new ...
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0answers
13 views

How long does one have to say al hamichya? [duplicate]

After eating most food products that require the bracha of mezonos (= just those that come from the 5 grains, excluding rice and other grains [on which borei nefashos is made afterwards]), one needs ...
5
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3answers
305 views

Is there a time limit for Borei Nefashos and Beracha Me'en Shalosh?

It seems that there's a 72-minute period after eating in which one must bentch. Does this also apply for Borei Nefashos and Beracha Me'en Shalosh?
1
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1answer
70 views

The blessing שהחינו‎ for a new wrist watch?

If you acquire a new wrist watch, do you make the blessing Sheheheyyanu?