Questions about short prayers called b'rachos ("benedictions" or "blessings"), generally said to thank God for specific events.

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B'rachah on Shiluach HaKen

In many, if not most, cases where we fulfill a positive commandment Chazal instituted a blessing (B'rachah) over fulfilling that command. Looking through Shulchan Aruch Yoreh Deah 292, and other ...
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64 views

Why don't Kohanim and Levi'im thank Hashem for not making them regular Israelites?

As answers to Why don't we thank God for making us men/women? say, men thank Hashem for not making them a woman because the obligations or mitzvot that a man has is greater in number than that of ...
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182 views

Giving Blessings at a Wedding

I have noticed a custom among wedding-goers to receive blessings from the bride and the groom at weddings, usually when they come over to the new couple's table for well-wishing during the meal. Why ...
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Lechem Mishneh - Do both challot have to be touching?

When holding the Lechem Mishneh together while making the bracha - Do both challot have to be touching ? What if one challah was wrapped in cellophane or in a bag (yet held next to the other challah ...
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96 views

Mistaken shehakol - correct it?

If I make a shehakol bracha and then discover that the correct bracha for the food I am eating is, say, mezonot, should I now make a new mezonot bracha on the remainder of the food? Or does the ...
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274 views

Shehechiyanu at Bris

Why is it that some make a Shehechiyanu at a Bris and some don't? And an identification of those who do and do not would be appreciated.
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605 views

Bracha on Lightning without Thunder

Does anyone have a modern day psak on lightning without thunder colloquially known as "heat lightning"? The Chaye Adam says it's caused by heat and he suggests that maybe is not what the gemara was ...
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130 views

Moving question: prayer when posting a mezuzah

What prayer do you recite when posting a mezuzah?
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256 views

Why are the blessing(s) preceding the Haftarah printed and chanted with trope notes?

There is a reason that I placed the plural "s" in parentheses for my question. I noticed that only the blessings preceding the haftarah have trope notes. Since this is not part of the haftarah itself, ...
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109 views

Do you make bircat Hamotzi on fried bread?

Poori is an Indian bread made from wheat flour that is fried so that the dough puffs up. It does not have your typical "tzurat hapas", at least when it's fully puffed up. (See What blessing is made on ...
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165 views

Why say “שבת היא מלזעוק”?

Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 287: יכולים לנחם אבלים בשבת וכן יכולים לבקר את החולה ולא יאמר לו כדרך שאומר לו בחול אלא אומר לו שבת היא מלזעוק ורפואה קרובה לבא ורחמיו מרובים ושבתו בשלום הגה וי״א דאין ...
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May a child make a Berachah on a Pasul set of 4 species?

May a child make a Berachah on a Pasul set of 4 species that their parents gave them to learn how to make the Berachah and do the Mitzvah?
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181 views

What b'rachot do you say (and when) if you drink intermittently all day?

I know people who drink water, tea, or coffee intermittently all day long, not just as part of a meal. In that situation, when would you say what b'rachot? Assume you made shehakol before the first ...
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64 views

“HagGomel” and Sefer Torah

The widespread practice seems to say the beracha of HagGomel in the presence of a Sefer Torah. Is this a halacha or a minhag? What is the source for this practice? Furthermore, what is the ...
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187 views

Do I have to know what brucha I'm making before I begin saying the brucha?

If I'm eating an apple, can I say "Baruch atah Hashem elokenu melech haolam" before I decide that the brucha I'm making is a Haeitz, and not Mezonot, Shahakol, or Haadamah?
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472 views

How much of a minimal sized kiddush cup must be consumed?

If someone uses a kiddush cup that is exactly (or close to) the bare minimum (see this question) needed to fulfill the obligation, how much of that cup must he drink? Do the different times one must ...
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78 views

Why dictate Birchas Kohanim, but not the Bracha before?

In Birchas Kohanim, the Chazzan says each word of the actual Birchas Kohanim and the Kohanim repeat after him. On the other hand, when it comes to the bracha that's said before Birchas Kohanim, the ...
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Is checking the parshios a hefsek?

Are you required to make another bracha on your tefillin if you take them off to check the parshios?
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Should I make the bracha on spices when entering an Indian grocery store?

Indian grocery stores have several aisles containing many fragrant spices that are packaged in plastic bags. Should I say Borei Minei B'Samim? If so, should I say it upon entering the store or only ...
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69 views

Shehecheyanu on hand-me-downs?

If someone gets hand-me-down clothing in good condition, of the type that shehecheyanu is generally said when new, should they say it on this new-to-them garment?
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Can someone who possibly already did a mitzva cover another such person with the b'racha?

As codified in Mishna B'rura 592 and elsewhere, we allow someone who has already fulfilled a mitzva to exempt another in the b'racha recited for it — though we try to avoid it where feasible. ...
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581 views

Why do we say besha tova instead of mazal tov?

When a person hears that someone is pregnant the traditional response is besha tova, instead of mazal tov. Why is that?
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HaMalach HaGoel Osi

Why does Yakov ask the malach (angel) (actually it sounds more like a statement of fact - "he will...") who protected him from evil to bless Ephraim and Menashe? Also, do we find that this actually ...
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249 views

What is the Brocha one says on Quiche

If one makes a Quiche with bread-dough, does it become Pas Habaah Bkisnin and the Brocha would be mzonos or not?
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What beracha do you make on Golden Puffs?

Golden Puffs is a honey glazed puffed wheat cereal. I'm looking for the sephardic minhag. Preferably an answer from Rabbi Ovadia Yosef. I've narrowed it down to either adamah or mezonot.
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Should one say the blessing “borei minei besamim” on essential oils made exclusively from plant extracts?

Essential oils are useful for smooth skin and massage as well as aromatherapy. For those unfamiliar with what it is, please refer to this Article about essential oils. It is made primarily from ...
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Does one make bracha “borei minei besamim” on incense or spice smoke?

I know that when you smell "raw" spices, you say "borei minei besamim". Can you make this bracha on the smokey smell when these spices are being burned? Some examples: If you burn an incense stick ...
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172 views

Is there a blessing on anointing?

Based on this question and the ensuant discussion, I would like to know if a person makes a blessing upon anointing himself for pleasure. If not, why not?
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143 views

Niagara Falls does it require a Bracha if so which one?

Do you make a bracha when seeing Niagara falls, and, if a bracha is made, which bracha?
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67 views

Where are the brachot written down?

I hope this isn't an ignorant question, but I wonder if there is one place that all the b'rachot are written down, and if so, where is it? Are they all in the Mishnah?
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122 views

What does 'בציצית' mean in 'להתעטף בציצית'?

When we don the טלית גדול, we say: ברוך אתה ה׳ אלקינו מלך העולם אשר קדשנו במצותיו וצונו להתעטף בציצית.‏ I'm wondering about the meaning of the last word of the benediction. (Not midrash-like ...
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Making food brachot for others

On Shabbat and Yom Tov, usually one person makes ha'motzi and everyone else at the table says amen and eats some bread. As far as I am aware, during the week, nobody ever eats food without making ...
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236 views

Should one say amen to an unnecessary bracha made by a child on the autism spectrum?

If a very verbal (often too verbal) 12 year old child on the autism spectrum has trouble speaking appropriately and particularly likes to say a bracha when he wants to and not necessarily when it's ...
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Does a person need to see 2 trees to make birkat ha'ilanot is this preferable or is this completely unnecessary and carries with it no benefit?

Does a person need to see 2 trees to make birkat ha'ilanot is this preferable or is this completely unnecessary and carries with it no benefit?
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How do different communities practice regarding women's saying a b'racha on s'firas haomer?

Mishna B'rura 489:3 says women do not say a b'racha on s'firas haomer; Aruch Hashulchan 489:4 says they do. What is the practice of various Ashk'nazi communities (for example, chassidic (various ...
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36 views

Why no bracha acharona for wine drunk with a bread meal?

Why do we say a separate bracha rishona for wine (borei pri hagafen) when we have wine with a bread meal, but we do not say a separate bracha acharona for the wine (that is, the wine is covered by the ...
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71 views

Does “vertical” distance require saying Tefillat Haderech?

Does "vertical" travel require saying Tefillat haderech? Examples: Bungee jumping Hang gliding Ski lift / cable car Mountain climbing / rapelling (using rope to scale the mountain.) Sky Diving / ...
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105 views

Biting food without intent to eat

If you bite food without intent to chew and eat it, do you need to make a bracha?
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114 views

Formulation of blessing on individual tithes

When separating all the relevant tithes from one's produce, one can include all the various obligations in one collective blessing before the entire process (Tosefta Brachot 6:19 (note variant ...
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256 views

Al Netilas Yadayim in morning and after bathroom

Are you supposed to say the bracha al netilas yadayim after doing negel vasser after waking up or going to the bathroom?
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242 views

Why make a bracha on an earthquake but not on an eclipse?

According to this page, Chaza"l intentionally omitted solar and lunar eclipses from the list of natural phenomena upon which we make a bracha. The following explanation is given: "The Hebrew term ...
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160 views

Snuff Bracha or lack thereof

Is there or what is the Bracha on Tobacco Snuff especially now that they come with mint and buble gum flavor (at least in Israel)?
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73 views

Mentioning Chanukah in Al Hamichyah

When Al Hamichyah is recited on a holiday or on the sabbath, it has a short passage inserted relevant to the day. However, there's no addition to Al Hamichyah for when it's recited on Chanukah: ...
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How are Birchos Krias Shema blessings on Krias Shema?

The Ramban (Brachos 11b) writes that Birkas Kriyas Shema are blessings over the Mitzva of saying Shema. What's in the text of Birkas Kriyas Shema that has to do with Shema? It talks about angels, ...
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Why don't we say Baruch Hu UVoruch Shmo more often?

I notice in Minyanim that I participate in that when the Chazan repeats the Shemonei Esrei and gets to "Baruch Ata Hashem", nearly everyone says "Baruch Hu UVoruch Shemo". Yet, those same people skip ...
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Does Birkas Hamazon eliminate the need for bracha acharona on foods eaten before?

Situation: One ate something that would require a bracha achrona besides Birkas Hamazon (let's say an Al Hamichya or Borei Nefashos). But one carelessly moved on to eating bread before making that ...
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minimum halachic definition of bread

This is sort of the counter question to Mezonos bread. At what point does a grain based admixture transition between bread and non bread? To clarify: The general position of Sephardic Jewry is that ...
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Should one make a bracha on seeing geological arches, hoodoos or balanced rocks?

I am considering visiting Arches National Park in Utah. This park has several "arch" rock formations and a few hoodoos and a balanced rock. Shulchan Aruch O.C. 228:1 states that one should make a ...
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Different endings of Yishtabach

I have heard at least four nuschaos (liturgies) for the very end of Yishtabach between habocheir b'shirei zimrah (who chooses musical songs of praise) and chai/chei* haolamim (life/life-giver of the ...
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What's the definition of “not now” for priority-of-b'racha purposes?

Orach Chayim 211 is about what food to recite a blessing over (that is, and eat) first when one wishes to eat two foods. It's clear that (except according to the Rambam cited in 211:2) one does not ...