Relating to (one or two) of the two Temples that stood in Jerusalem.

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Bracha on giving Machatzis HaShekel

In the times of the Beis HaMikdash when the Machatzis HaShekel was given was a bracha recited?
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Could the Temple vessels become tamei? What happens?

At one point, the Romans would give the job of Kohein Gadol to the highest bidder, who often happened to be a Tziduki (Sadducee). Come Yom Kippur, these Tzidukim would die while performing the avodah ...
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Why was building the foundation of the second temple so emotional?

In Ezra chapter 3:10-13 it describes the establishing of the foundation of the Second Temple and how once the foundation was laid there were mixed reactions. The older people who remembered the First ...
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117 views

Why did they cancel the kohein races over an isolated incident?

Mishna Yoma 2:1-2: ב,א בראשונה, כל מי שהוא רוצה לתרום את המזבח, תורם; בזמן שהן מרובין, רצין ועולים בכבש, וכל הקודם את חברו לתוך ארבע אמות זכה. ואם היו שניהם שווין, הממונה אומר להן הצביעו: מה הן ...
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Shaas hashmad and Arab terrorism

There is a halachik principle brought down in the Talmud and codified in halacha known as shaat hashmad - a time of forced religious persecution. Generally, the rule is that any commandment of the ...
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161 views

Mishkan significance

Why does the Torah feel the Need to tell me the rules for making the Mishkan? First, it is no longer relevant, as, even if we build, we will build a Beis Hamikdash. Plus, the Medrashim say it will be ...
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When a sacrifice calls for “two turtledoves or two common doves”, can it be one of each?

There are places in the Torah that call for an offering of "two turtledoves, or two common doves" (as translated by Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan), e.g. Leviticus 12:8. Could s/he bring one of each kind, ...
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120 views

What are these objects?

I recently went to Italy with my family, and we saw the arc of titus in Rome. I saw the famous engraving of the romans taking the Menorah from the Beis Hamikdash. But I noticed these weird objects ...
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131 views

Kohanim and the Third Temple

Are there any organizations that provide ongoing preparation for Kohanim to immediately assume their priestly duties upon the arrival of Moshiach? I would imagine that performing the sacrifices and ...
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252 views

Which way to face when davening at the Kotel

It seems that at the Kotel, the general practice is to daven directly facing the wall. (Speaking from experience.) However, i thought we were supposed to face the kodesh hakodashim, which has a ...
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Why did Yosef cry about the future destruction of the Batei HaMikdash at that particular moment?

After Yosef revealed himself to his brothers, he fell upon Binyamin's neck and wept, and Rashi comments there that he was weeping about the future destruction of the two Batei HaMikdash. But why did ...
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Not approaching the Western Wall

A decade ago, I visited the Western Wall in Jerusalem with Nosson Tzvi Finkel, a widely respected rabbi in Israel. As we approached one of the holiest sites in Judaism, the rabbi halted about 10 ...
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88 views

What did the Second Beis Hamikdash look like before Herod renovated it?

As penance, Herod rebuilt and remodeled the second Beis Hamikdash (See Bava Basra 4a). Most of the models of the Beis Hamikdash are of this rebuilding. What did the original one look like?
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How was flour measured in the bes hamikdash?

Modern cooks will tell you that the way to measure flour is to scoop flour with a scoop whose volume is known, and then to shave any excess off the top. (However, liquids are measured by pouring into ...
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What % of kohanim were not members of a mishmar?

In the time of the Temple, kohanim were assigned to work in the Temple on a rotating, weekly basis. The term for such a a crew was a mishmar. But there were more kohanim than were needed. So some ...
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Did people who were not priests or Levites enter the Tabernacle for ritual purposes?

(Note: I am posting this more specific follow-up to a previous question based on the recommendation of Isaac Moses here.) Aaron and his descendants were designated as priests to do the ritual service ...
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109 views

Judicial System During the First Temple period

The Sanhedrin was a Jewish high court that was the supreme authority for Jewish law during the second Temple period. There seem to be a references to a central group of Sages in Exodus 24 and ...
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132 views

How was Chanukah celebrated at the Beis HaMikdash?

In the centuries between the Maccabean Revolt and the destruction of the Bayis Sheni, how was Chanukah commemorated at the Beis HaMikdash (other than the addition of prayers like Al Hanisim)? Since ...
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If mixing red and blue thread for the Mishkan, why the purple thread too?

Throughout the construction of the Mishkan (Tabernacle) and Bigdei Kodesh (holy clothing for the Kohanim), they use a mix of red, blue, and purple wool (plus [white?] linen, and in the case of the ...
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332 views

Why didn't the Kohanim wear Tzizis?

The Kohen Gadol wore 8 garments, and regular Kohanim wore 4. Why wasn't tzizis one of their required garments? Also, did they have to fulfill the mitzvah of tzizis before or after their daily service, ...
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Is there a 3d walkthrough tour of the beis hamikdash online?

I have seen a few very brief videos that present 3d walk through tours of the beis hamikdash (usually the 2nd bayis). I would like to know if there are any extensive, thorough such videos available ...
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Building the Third Temple

I've heard that the Third Beit Hamikdash will be made when the Mashiach arrives. And that it will be built by G-d himself, unlike the previous Temples. This seems to be the most common opinion in ...
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How could the Kohen Gadol see when he went in the Holy of Holies?

Jewish Encylcopedia speaks about the Holy of Holies and says (in part): In Solomon's Temple the Holy of Holies formed a part of the house of Hashem...... The section farthest from the entrance, ...
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Who was in charge of l'viyim and their jobs?

L'viyim (Levites) in the bes hamikdash (Temple in Jerusalem) had various roles: some sang, some had overnight guard positions, etc. The kohanim ("priests", if you will) had a rosh bes av (family head) ...
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Does Exodus 20:21 contradict the law that offerings may only be offered in the Temple?

I know that Jerusalem is where the sacrifices are to be held. So when I read this verse I was intrigued. An altar of earth you shall make for Me, and you shall slaughter beside it your burnt ...
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106 views

Oleh Regel Today

Is there a Mitzvah to be Oleh Regel in today's days (meaning when there is no Beis Hamikdash)?
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Did the Levi'im who sang in the Temple have choir practice?

I understand that the Levi'im sang in the Bet Hamikdash. Considering that both of them lasted several hundred years, they undoubtedly went through numerous rounds of Levi Singers (sounds like a rock ...
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Was the noise from the Temple really that loud?

Mishnah Tamid 3:8 lists a bunch of things in the Temple that could be heard all the way in Yericho. Some of the things: the gate opening, the Levi'im singing, the Kohein Gadol on Yom Kippur, smelling ...
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155 views

Will the mesiah build the 3rd temple?

Some sites claim that the messiah will build the 3rd temple. Another says that the next temple, will, obviously be the 3rd. However, Ezekiel simply envision an eternal temple. He never said it'll be ...
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How could the Temple have become tamei?

At Yoma 41a, there is a discussion regarding the appropriate offering for someone who causes the Temple to become Tamei (ritually impure)? But what are we talking about becoming tamei? The utinsels ...
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What is my relationship to an object once I have pledged it as hekdesh?

Once someone has pledged an object as hekdesh, what is his relationship with that object? He is able to redeem it, so does that mean that he still has some kind of connection to that object? If not, ...
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Where is the exact location of the Temples in Jerusalem?

I have heard different theories where the 2 Temples were located. Some say it was on or near the Dome of the Rock. Others say it was farther south, even possibly on Mt. Ophel between the al-Aqsa ...
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Does a meis mitzvah acquire the land he's on even in the Temple?

I'd like to understand the concept of meis mitzvah a bit better. Specifically: there is a decree that a meis mitzvah acquires the place he or she is on to be buried there, even if it is private ...
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133 views

Were the there only 55 שמיטה years between the Exodus and the First Temple?

The sefer Sifsei Cohen (not to be confused with the commentary on the Shulchan Aruch) on VaYetzeh, Beraishis 28:13 writes the following: ואמר הארץ אשר אתה שוכב עליה לך אתננה...עוד אתננה אתן נה פי׳ ...
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Should Cohanim and Levi'im prioritize their knowledge and study of sacrificial laws, today?

My understanding of Mashi'ach related to this question: According to one of Maimonides's principles, we are to expect it to come at any time The Temple will be rebuilt and sacrifices will be ...
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Why do all our fast days revolve around the Beis Hamikdash?

We have a few "official" fast days: Tzom Gedalia – The last Jewish administrator killed and the final Jewish community sent into exile 10th of Teves – Siege in the time of the 1st Beis Hamikdash  ...
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What are the Tumah implications outside of Temple?

What are the implication of tumah other than related to the Temple? E.g., a pathologist in, say, Australia is contaminated with Tumas Mes all the time. Does he have to travel to Jerusalem to get ...
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Did God know the holy place right away during the exodus?

Around the time of the exodus, the Torah says (Deut. 12:11, in Rabbi Kaplan's translation): there will be a site that God will choose as the place dedicated to His name. It is there that you ...
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What did mikdash workers eat?

Groups of Jews not from shevet Levi would work in the bes hamikdash, a week at a time. Their primary responsibility was attendance: being present when korb'nos tzibur, public offerings, were brought. ...
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Source for 3 and only 3 Temples

Is Yirmiyahu 7:4 the source for the idea that there won't be a 4th Temple? If not, what is? ד אַל-תִּבְטְחוּ לָכֶם, אֶל-דִּבְרֵי הַשֶּׁקֶר לֵאמֹר: הֵיכַל יְהוָה הֵיכַל יְהוָה, הֵיכַל יְהוָה ...
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Where was the Kodesh haKodoshim?

I have always been under the impression that the mosque on the Har HaBayis is on the location of the Kosdesh HaKodoshim. Is that accurate?
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How did the priests deal with excess blood during the Temple dedication?

What did the priests do with all the excess blood when Solomon dedicated the Temple? They sacrificed 22,000 head of cattle and 120,000 sheep and goats. That would be about 360,000 (US) gallons or 1.36 ...
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the lechem hapanim was NOT chametz - where is the source for this?

We had the discussion what happened with the lechem hapanim on Pessach and the answer is that it was NOT chametz. Where can I read up on this fact? There were actually only TWO instances of chametz in ...
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No day without its curse

The Gemara (Sotah 48a) says, “from the day that the Beis HaMikdosh was destroyed, there has been no day without its curse.” 1a) What does the Gemara mean? 1b) What does it's curse mean?
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Was there space in the Aron for two sets of Luchot?

The Holy Ark was 2 1/2 Cubits, by 1 1/2 Cubits, by 1 1/2 Cubits (Shemot 25:10). The Talmud discusses (Baba Basra 14A-B) how much space the Luchot occupied in the Ark. The Talmud says that each tablet ...
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Prior to placing the meat on the altar in the Temple, was it “kashered”?

Perhaps, I may be overlooking something trivial, here. Store-bought meat is salted and soaked to drain the blood, prior to it being packaged and sold to the consumer. Was something like this done in ...
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445 views

Are there still descendants of Aaron serving as priests in Jerusalem?

Are there still descendants of Aaron serving as priests in Jerusalem?
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Are you allowed to make, buy and sell trumpets?

The torah forbids creating artifacts used in the beis hamikdash (based on the verse lo taasun iti (Exodus 20:19), see Talmud Avoda Zara 43a, Rambam Beit Habechira 7:10 and Shulchan Aruch YD 141:8). ...
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facing east in the bes hamikdash

Tamid perek 1, in discussing how t'rumas hadeshen was done, writes: He descended; he got to the floor, turned north, and went... Any idea which way he turned around (clockwise or ...
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On Burial Under the Altar

Today at the burial of a relative on the Mount of Olives, the Rabbi made a comment that burial there is like being buried under the altar on the Temple Mount. It struck me as a bit unusual, and I was ...