Relating to (one or two) of the two Temples that stood in Jerusalem.

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For how many years was Aliya L'Regel kept?

The Torah states that, during Temple times, all Jewish males are to go to Jerusalem to celebrate each festival (i.e. Pesahh, Shavu'ot, Sukkot). G-d promises to protect the land from invaders during ...
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311 views

Rishonim saying Ester took place during the second bayis

Elsewhere on this site, avi cited sources to the effect that, contrary to the Bavli (M'gila), the events recounted in the book of Ester took place after the second bes hamikdash was built. Do any ...
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283 views

How did the Jewish people understand and make sense of the destruction of the Second Temple?

Since I began studying the history of the Christian faith, and the relation between Judaism and Christianity, I have been struck by the idea of the Second Temple's destruction. I simply can't imagine ...
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139 views

Why redeem hekdesh?

Kind of related to What is my relationship to an object once I have pledged it as hekdesh? Why would somebody pledge something to hekdesh and then redeem it when he could just donate money directly? ...
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1answer
166 views

Why do the Samaritans perform the Passover sacrifice while Jews do not?

Most of the sacrifices which are commanded in the Torah are connected with the Temple, which no longer exists. Based on the Talmud, we therefore do not make sacrifices. Instead, we recite prayers ...
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374 views

In what sense did G-d live in the Temple, in the understanding of Jews prior to the Temple's destruction?

I'm going to be extra careful with this question, because I think that it would be easy to say something the wrong way and cause serious offense. If I do cause offense, I apologize in advance, and I ...
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1answer
48 views

What is the modern Jewish attitude towards the Zealots and Sicarii?

One of the leading factions in the Jewish Revolt of 66-70 was the Zealot movement, and its splinter group, the Sicarii. I would imagine that the attitude towards them is somewhat complicated, or at ...
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26 views

Movie picturing the destruction of the holy temple?

Lately, I have been telling my 3-year-old son about the building, destruction, rebuilding cycle of the Beis Hamikdash (holy temple in Jerusalem). He is wondering how it would have looked. Are there ...
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59 views

What are the circumstances of the fulfillment of Ezekiel's vision of the temple?

Ezekiel (Yechezkel) 40 begins a section about a vision of a temple with priests and sacrifices and feasts. The detailed descriptions of this temple seem to indicate that a literal (as opposed to ...
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Are there any Jewish records of Ananus ben Ananus aside from Josephus?

In Josephus' Antiquities of the Jews, he records an incident that led to the removal from office of the high priest of the Temple. According to this account, the Roman proconsul of Judaea, Porcius ...
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131 views

What was the status of the Pharisees, and their relationship with the Temple authorities in the early first century?

One of the many mistakes made by the authors of the Christian gospels is attributing the state of affairs in their own time to the time they are trying to describe. An example of this error is the ...
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Ban on Shabas fasts derived from lechem hapanim?

The Shabas table song "Ki eshm'ra Shabas" includes the following stanza: רָשׁוּם/רָשַׁם בְּדַת הָאֵ׳ חוֹק אֶל סְגָנָיו בּוֹ לַעֲרוֹךְ לֶחֶם פָּנִים בְּפָנָיו עַל כֵּן לְהִתְעַנּוֹת בּוֹ עַל פִּי ...
4
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1answer
109 views

Not approaching the Western Wall

A decade ago, I visited the Western Wall in Jerusalem with Nosson Tzvi Finkel, a widely respected rabbi in Israel. As we approached one of the holiest sites in Judaism, the rabbi halted about 10 ...
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1answer
37 views

On Burial Under the Altar

Today at the burial of a relative on the Mount of Olives, the Rabbi made a comment that burial there is like being buried under the altar on the Temple Mount. It struck me as a bit unusual, and I was ...
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Where does the zecher lechurban go in an apartment building?

(A zecher lechurban here refers to the part of a house that is intentionally left unfinished to commemorate the Temple's destruction.) In an apartment building, does there have to be a zecher ...
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106 views

When was the first Beis Hamikdash built?

The Gemara in Moed Katan 9 said that the Beis Hamikdash was inaugurated right after being finished, while I've seen a Medrash that it was finished in Cheshvan and the inauguration was put on hold. ...
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79 views

What did the Second Beis Hamikdash look like before Herod renovated it?

As penance, Herod rebuilt and remodeled the second Beis Hamikdash (See Bava Basra 4a). Most of the models of the Beis Hamikdash are of this rebuilding. What did the original one look like?
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Why was the side door to the hechal unlocked so oddly?

The hechal (central room) of the bes hamikdash had its main entrance on its eastern end. To either side of that entrance were cubicles, and the main-floor cubicles on each side had a door to the east ...
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2answers
106 views

Prior to placing the meat on the altar in the Temple, was it “kashered”?

Perhaps, I may be overlooking something trivial, here. Store-bought meat is salted and soaked to drain the blood, prior to it being packaged and sold to the consumer. Was something like this done in ...
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1answer
40 views

Does Exodus 20:21 contradict the law that offerings may only be offered in the Temple?

I know that Jerusalem is where the sacrifices are to be held. So when I read this verse I was intrigued. An altar of earth you shall make for Me, and you shall slaughter beside it your burnt ...
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A Tabernacle while waiting? [duplicate]

Before the Temple (Beit Hamikdash) there was the Tabernacle (Mishkan Hakodesh). Now there's no longer a Temple and people are waiting till the (3rd) Temple will be rebuild, why isn't there a Mishkan ...
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90 views

Was the fast of Tisha B'av in effect during the second temple era? [duplicate]

As the Beis Hamikdash was rebuilt at that time was the fast of Tisha B'Av in effect during the Second Temple Era?
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77 views

Did the Levi'im who sang in the Temple have choir practice?

I understand that the Levi'im sang in the Bet Hamikdash. Considering that both of them lasted several hundred years, they undoubtedly went through numerous rounds of Levi Singers (sounds like a rock ...
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What did the Levi'im sing in the Bet Hamikdash?

From Talmud Tamid 7:4 we know that each day, the Levi'im sang a different Psalm. What else did they sing? Did they sing the same Psalms daily, and did they use the same tunes?
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25 views

Errors in Bais hamikdosh administration

am interested in locating as many clear places in Mishnayas and gemorro that refers to administrative problems in the bais hamikdash and how handled Eg yoma and error in determining time for the ...
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63 views

Extraterrestrial Sacrifices

I have heard that it is forbidden to bring a sacrifice to HaShem anywhere on Earth other than the Bait HaMikdash. But what about space? Other planets, say Mars?
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Did people who were not priests or Levites enter the Tabernacle for ritual purposes?

(Note: I am posting this more specific follow-up to a previous question based on the recommendation of Isaac Moses here.) Aaron and his descendants were designated as priests to do the ritual service ...
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3answers
211 views

Which way to face when davening at the Kotel

It seems that at the Kotel, the general practice is to daven directly facing the wall. (Speaking from experience.) However, i thought we were supposed to face the kodesh hakodashim, which has a ...
4
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1answer
50 views

How could the Kohen Gadol see when he went in the Holy of Holies?

Jewish Encylcopedia speaks about the Holy of Holies and says (in part): In Solomon's Temple the Holy of Holies formed a part of the house of Hashem...... The section farthest from the entrance, ...
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61 views

the lechem hapanim was NOT chametz - where is the source for this?

We had the discussion what happened with the lechem hapanim on Pessach and the answer is that it was NOT chametz. Where can I read up on this fact? There were actually only TWO instances of chametz in ...
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Why does the order of temple services in our prayers follow the non-hallachic opinion?

Something that has bothered me for a long time, and I have not found a good explanation for, is why we recite the order of service in the temple following Abbaye in the name of Abba Shaul, despite the ...
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195 views

Did people who were not priests ever enter the Tabernacle?

Is there any mention in the Tanakh of people who were not priests entering the Tabernacle? Leviticus 17:5 says that the people were to bring their sacrifices to the priest at the entrance of the tent ...
10
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Why don't we care if the Pesach pilgrims get rained on?

After Sukkos, we immediately begin saying mashiv haruach, as it is the rainy season. However, we delay saying v'sein tal umattar, the request for rain, until we have given the pilgrims who came to ...
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27 views

How do we know that R' Yehuda does not think writing is a good way to remember something?

The gemara Yoma on page 55a quotes a mishna which has R' Yehuda saying that there were no boxes of money for people to donate for kinei chova offerings because the kohanim could confuse that box with ...
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1answer
166 views

Could the Temple vessels become tamei? What happens?

At one point, the Romans would give the job of Kohein Gadol to the highest bidder, who often happened to be a Tziduki (Sadducee). Come Yom Kippur, these Tzidukim would die while performing the avodah ...
4
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76 views

Does a meis mitzvah acquire the land he's on even in the Temple?

I'd like to understand the concept of meis mitzvah a bit better. Specifically: there is a decree that a meis mitzvah acquires the place he or she is on to be buried there, even if it is private ...
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1answer
115 views

May a non-Jew ascend the Temple Mount today?

It is forbidden for a Jew who is impure to enter certain parts of the Temple Mount; many authorities prohibit entering it nowadays at all. What about a non-Jew? Is someone who isn't Jewish permitted ...
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29 views

Purpose of Beis Hamikdash

Rambam writes that the purpose of the beis hamikdash is specifically for offering sacrifices and for pilgrimages (Sefer Hamitzvos: Shoresh 12): שיהיה לנו בית מוכן יבאו אליו ויחוגי בו ובו תהיה ...
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60 views

No day without its curse

The Gemara (Sotah 48a) says, “from the day that the Beis HaMikdosh was destroyed, there has been no day without its curse.” 1a) What does the Gemara mean? 1b) What does it's curse mean?
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Sources For Comparing a House to a Sanctuary

Are there sources that compare or refer to a house as a משכן or מקדש (expressions for holy sanctuaries)? Besides for "Beis Rav" in Megillah 29a which possibly means his Yeshiva.
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Where in halachah does it say that one is forbidden to go onto the Har HaBayis?

1) Rav Elyashiv zt”l stated in 2009, “Halacha forbids going onto Har HaBayis but today, it is more than this, it is an act that may lead to a religious war and bloodshed." Where in halacha does it ...
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1answer
27 views

Weapon used to punish sleeping mikdash guards

The very start of mishnayos maseches Midos mentions that the l'viyim guarded the bes hamikdash in various locations, and that, if the captain of the guards caught a guard asleep on the job, he'd hit ...
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Kohanim slept on guard?

The very start of mishnayos maseches Midos mentions that the kohanim guarded the bes hamikdash in three locations, including bes hamokad, a room on the north side of the mikdash courtyard. The mishna ...
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168 views

Why was the Israelite section in the Beis Hamikdash so small?

The size of the Ezras Israel (where male Israelites are allowed) is 11 Ammos (cubits) long while the Ezras Nashim is so big (135x135 cubits). Yet, it was the men who had to be Oleh Regel (when the ...
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490 views

Could stones cut with a high powered laser be used to build the Beit Hamikdash?

If Solomon's builders had access to lasers powerful enough to cut through stone, could he have used that instead of the Shamir? Stones for an altar or for the Beit Hamikdash were not allowed to be ...
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1answer
344 views

Was the Shamir worm used for the second Beis Hamikdash?

Shlomo Hamelech used a 'Shamir' worm to quarry and cut the stones for the first Beis Hamikdash. Did they still have this worm for the second Beis Hamikdash? If not, how were the stones cut (as no ...
4
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1answer
87 views

Was the noise from the Temple really that loud?

Mishnah Tamid 3:8 lists a bunch of things in the Temple that could be heard all the way in Yericho. Some of the things: the gate opening, the Levi'im singing, the Kohein Gadol on Yom Kippur, smelling ...
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124 views

Why didn't the Israelites build Yechezkel's temple when they returned from exile?

G-d gave Yechezkel the blueprints for what is now known as the third temple. Later the Israelites returned from exile and built the second temple... according to the blueprints of the first one? Why? ...
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Why did they cancel the kohein races over an isolated incident?

Mishna Yoma 2:1-2: ב,א בראשונה, כל מי שהוא רוצה לתרום את המזבח, תורם; בזמן שהן מרובין, רצין ועולים בכבש, וכל הקודם את חברו לתוך ארבע אמות זכה. ואם היו שניהם שווין, הממונה אומר להן הצביעו: מה הן ...
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80 views

Did Nehemia know the second temple wouldn't last?

Did Nehemia know that the second temple wouldn't last? What someone says suggests he did; it's based on the book of Nehemia or something, but I can't read Hebrew. In general, did anyone know that ...