Relating to (one or two) of the two Temples that stood in Jerusalem.

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Why Eliyah Lament destruction of high places Altar?

From here http://christianity.stackexchange.com/questions/13967/where-in-the-bible-does-it-say-that-sacrifice-can-only-be-done-on-the-temple/46871#46871 (Kings 1:19:10) וַיֹּאמֶר֩ קַנֹּ֨א ...
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Zechariah 6:13 who is this verse talking about?

Zechariah 6:13 "Yes, it is He who will build the temple of the LORD, and He who will bear the honor and sit and rule on His throne Thus, He will be a priest on His throne, and the counsel of peace ...
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Cleaning blood from the temple

According to the Mosaic Law, blood was to be sprinkled on the alters, before the curtains and other places in the temple. This would result in many places, especially the curtains, being blood ...
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Purity of Kohanim

If (theoretically) the great Temple was built again, would there be Kohanim pure enough (physically, etc.) to perform the worship and sacrifices?
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Why was the Lishkas HaGazis called by that name?

I was wondering... Why is the Lishkas HaGazis called "HaGazis"? What is the significance of the name?
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Third Temple built by an Islamic Leader? [duplicate]

I have looked at the theology of Islam and the Shia versions of their end time prophecies indicate that their Mahdi will call for peace with Israel and will cause the Temple in Jerusalem to be rebuilt ...
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Where is the exact location of the Temples in Jerusalem?

I have heard different theories where the 2 Temples were located. Some say it was on or near the Dome of the Rock. Others say it was farther south, even possibly on Mt. Ophel between the al-Aqsa ...
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Musical Instruments of the Levi'im

Does there appear anywhere in Torah Sheb'al Peh a sufficiently detailed description of the musical instruments played by the Levi'im in the Beit Hamikdash that they could theoretically be ...
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Where was Herod's temple built?

The Scripture says that the Second Temple was built on the foundation of Solomon's Temple, but was Herod's Temple built in the same place or was it built next to it? (Do we have any records that say ...
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Should Cohanim and Levi'im prioritize their knowledge and study of sacrificial laws, today?

My understanding of Mashi'ach related to this question: According to one of Maimonides's principles, we are to expect it to come at any time The Temple will be rebuilt and sacrifices will be ...
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What are these objects?

I recently went to Italy with my family, and we saw the arc of titus in Rome. I saw the famous engraving of the romans taking the Menorah from the Beis Hamikdash. But I noticed these weird objects ...
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What will happen to most of the text of our prayers once the next Temple is built?

King Solomon, who built the 1st Temple, said during its inauguration, (I Kings 8:30): וְשָׁ֨מַעְתָּ֜ אֶל־תְּחִנַּ֤ת עַבְדְּךָ֙ וְעַמְּךָ֣ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר יִֽתְפַּֽלְל֖וּ אֶל־הַמָּק֣וֹם ...
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Judicial System During the First Temple period

The Sanhedrin was a Jewish high court that was the supreme authority for Jewish law during the second Temple period. There seem to be a references to a central group of Sages in Exodus 24 and ...
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Is smell a spiritual sense?

I once learned that smell is not like the other senses of the body. That it is a sort-of holy sense. One of the reasons was that while the other senses are somewhat necessary for the body, smell is ...
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Building the Third Temple

I've heard that the Third Beit Hamikdash will be made when the Mashiach arrives. And that it will be built by G-d himself, unlike the previous Temples. This seems to be the most common opinion in ...
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What % of kohanim were not members of a mishmar?

In the time of the Temple, kohanim were assigned to work in the Temple on a rotating, weekly basis. The term for such a a crew was a mishmar. But there were more kohanim than were needed. So some ...
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Can one have a glass candelabra with seven branches?

I know that the halacha is that you can't make a copy of the menorah with seven branches, and that you shouldn't have a candelabra with seven branches, either. What if it's made out of glass?
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Shaas hashmad and Arab terrorism

There is a halachik principle brought down in the Talmud and codified in halacha known as shaat hashmad - a time of forced religious persecution. Generally, the rule is that any commandment of the ...
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Shouldn't we laugh as Rabbi Akiva?

I don't want to be disrespectful, but I remember the story of when Rabbi Akiva saw the temple destroyed with foxes walking where the Kodesh HaKodashim used to be. He laughed because even though ...
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For how many years was Aliya L'Regel kept?

The Torah states that, during Temple times, all Jewish males are to go to Jerusalem to celebrate each festival (i.e. Pesahh, Shavu'ot, Sukkot). G-d promises to protect the land from invaders during ...
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Movie picturing the destruction of the holy temple?

Lately, I have been telling my 3-year-old son about the building, destruction, rebuilding cycle of the Beis Hamikdash (holy temple in Jerusalem). He is wondering how it would have looked. Are there ...
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What is the modern Jewish attitude towards the Zealots and Sicarii?

One of the leading factions in the Jewish Revolt of 66-70 was the Zealot movement, and its splinter group, the Sicarii. I would imagine that the attitude towards them is somewhat complicated, or at ...
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Are there any Jewish records of Ananus ben Ananus aside from Josephus?

In Josephus' Antiquities of the Jews, he records an incident that led to the removal from office of the high priest of the Temple. According to this account, the Roman proconsul of Judaea, Porcius ...
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What was the status of the Pharisees, and their relationship with the Temple authorities in the early first century?

One of the many mistakes made by the authors of the Christian gospels is attributing the state of affairs in their own time to the time they are trying to describe. An example of this error is the ...
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How did the Jewish people understand and make sense of the destruction of the Second Temple?

Since I began studying the history of the Christian faith, and the relation between Judaism and Christianity, I have been struck by the idea of the Second Temple's destruction. I simply can't imagine ...
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In what sense did G-d live in the Temple, in the understanding of Jews prior to the Temple's destruction?

I'm going to be extra careful with this question, because I think that it would be easy to say something the wrong way and cause serious offense. If I do cause offense, I apologize in advance, and I ...
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Not approaching the Western Wall

A decade ago, I visited the Western Wall in Jerusalem with Nosson Tzvi Finkel, a widely respected rabbi in Israel. As we approached one of the holiest sites in Judaism, the rabbi halted about 10 ...
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On Burial Under the Altar

Today at the burial of a relative on the Mount of Olives, the Rabbi made a comment that burial there is like being buried under the altar on the Temple Mount. It struck me as a bit unusual, and I was ...
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Where does the zecher lechurban go in an apartment building?

(A zecher lechurban here refers to the part of a house that is intentionally left unfinished to commemorate the Temple's destruction.) In an apartment building, does there have to be a zecher ...
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Prior to placing the meat on the altar in the Temple, was it “kashered”?

Perhaps, I may be overlooking something trivial, here. Store-bought meat is salted and soaked to drain the blood, prior to it being packaged and sold to the consumer. Was something like this done in ...
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Does Exodus 20:21 contradict the law that offerings may only be offered in the Temple?

I know that Jerusalem is where the sacrifices are to be held. So when I read this verse I was intrigued. An altar of earth you shall make for Me, and you shall slaughter beside it your burnt ...
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A Tabernacle while waiting? [duplicate]

Before the Temple (Beit Hamikdash) there was the Tabernacle (Mishkan Hakodesh). Now there's no longer a Temple and people are waiting till the (3rd) Temple will be rebuild, why isn't there a Mishkan ...
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Was the fast of Tisha B'av in effect during the second temple era? [duplicate]

As the Beis Hamikdash was rebuilt at that time was the fast of Tisha B'Av in effect during the Second Temple Era?
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What did the Levi'im sing in the Bet Hamikdash?

From Talmud Tamid 7:4 we know that each day, the Levi'im sang a different Psalm. What else did they sing? Did they sing the same Psalms daily, and did they use the same tunes?
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Did the Levi'im who sang in the Temple have choir practice?

I understand that the Levi'im sang in the Bet Hamikdash. Considering that both of them lasted several hundred years, they undoubtedly went through numerous rounds of Levi Singers (sounds like a rock ...
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Errors in Bais hamikdosh administration

am interested in locating as many clear places in Mishnayas and gemorro that refers to administrative problems in the bais hamikdash and how handled Eg yoma and error in determining time for the ...
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What did the Second Beis Hamikdash look like before Herod renovated it?

As penance, Herod rebuilt and remodeled the second Beis Hamikdash (See Bava Basra 4a). Most of the models of the Beis Hamikdash are of this rebuilding. What did the original one look like?
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Extraterrestrial Sacrifices

I have heard that it is forbidden to bring a sacrifice to HaShem anywhere on Earth other than the Bait HaMikdash. But what about space? Other planets, say Mars?
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Did people who were not priests or Levites enter the Tabernacle for ritual purposes?

(Note: I am posting this more specific follow-up to a previous question based on the recommendation of Isaac Moses here.) Aaron and his descendants were designated as priests to do the ritual service ...
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the lechem hapanim was NOT chametz - where is the source for this?

We had the discussion what happened with the lechem hapanim on Pessach and the answer is that it was NOT chametz. Where can I read up on this fact? There were actually only TWO instances of chametz in ...
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Why does the order of temple services in our prayers follow the non-hallachic opinion?

Something that has bothered me for a long time, and I have not found a good explanation for, is why we recite the order of service in the temple following Abbaye in the name of Abba Shaul, despite the ...
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Did people who were not priests ever enter the Tabernacle?

Is there any mention in the Tanakh of people who were not priests entering the Tabernacle? Leviticus 17:5 says that the people were to bring their sacrifices to the priest at the entrance of the tent ...
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Why don't we care if the Pesach pilgrims get rained on?

After Sukkos, we immediately begin saying mashiv haruach, as it is the rainy season. However, we delay saying v'sein tal umattar, the request for rain, until we have given the pilgrims who came to ...
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How do we know that R' Yehuda does not think writing is a good way to remember something?

The gemara Yoma on page 55a quotes a mishna which has R' Yehuda saying that there were no boxes of money for people to donate for kinei chova offerings because the kohanim could confuse that box with ...
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May a non-Jew ascend the Temple Mount today?

It is forbidden for a Jew who is impure to enter certain parts of the Temple Mount; many authorities prohibit entering it nowadays at all. What about a non-Jew? Is someone who isn't Jewish permitted ...
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Purpose of Beis Hamikdash

Rambam writes that the purpose of the beis hamikdash is specifically for offering sacrifices and for pilgrimages (Sefer Hamitzvos: Shoresh 12): שיהיה לנו בית מוכן יבאו אליו ויחוגי בו ובו תהיה ...
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No day without its curse

The Gemara (Sotah 48a) says, “from the day that the Beis HaMikdosh was destroyed, there has been no day without its curse.” 1a) What does the Gemara mean? 1b) What does it's curse mean?
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Could the Temple vessels become tamei? What happens?

At one point, the Romans would give the job of Kohein Gadol to the highest bidder, who often happened to be a Tziduki (Sadducee). Come Yom Kippur, these Tzidukim would die while performing the avodah ...
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Sources For Comparing a House to a Sanctuary

Are there sources that compare or refer to a house as a משכן or מקדש (expressions for holy sanctuaries)? Besides for "Beis Rav" in Megillah 29a which possibly means his Yeshiva.
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Weapon used to punish sleeping mikdash guards

The very start of mishnayos maseches Midos mentions that the l'viyim guarded the bes hamikdash in various locations, and that, if the captain of the guards caught a guard asleep on the job, he'd hit ...