Title says it all. Who were the Magharians? It seems like they were some group of Pre-Christianity Jews or something like that that lived in caves?
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Any of many groups that lived in or used caves could be given the name Magharians (from Arabic).
The tenth century (CE) Karaite Jacob Qirqisani described them as a pre-Christian group with distinctive views about angels, creation and biblical anthropomorphisms.
According to Muslim scholar al-Biruni (973-1048) they used a lunar calendar and observed Rosh ha-Shanah and Passover only on a Wednesday.
In modern times, there have been some suggestions that those using the Dead Sea Scrolls and the caves at Qumran may have been Magharians, theough there are several other theories.