What are the Shafan and Arneves (Leviticus 11:5-6)?
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May I recommend an excellent book on the subject? The Camel, the Hare, and the Hyrax by Nosson Slifkin. One may disagree with his reasoning and conclusions but it is definitely the most thorough work on this issue.
It's pretty much the consensus that arneves is the hare (or rabbit - they're different species but are pretty closely related).
Various translators identify the shafan as another species of hare (or coney), or as a jerboa, or as a hyrax. The last one seems to be the most well-founded.