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Did G-d create evil? Scripture says that G-d created everything, right? So then if G-d indeed created everything, does that mean He created evil?

Is there Old Testament evidence for why He did or didn't?

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Shouldn't you answer your last question first before posing the rest of the questions that are predicated on it? If you're uncertain what meaning of the term you're asking about, how can anyone else give you an effective answer? –  Isaac Moses Jul 13 '11 at 14:09
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Please re-think the structure of your questions. You are more than welcome to ask philosophical questions, but they should be answerable, and to accomplish that they should not be overly broad or overlapping, and they should be very focused with a direct purpose. The discussion of evil is a very old one with many Jewish sources. But try working your questions into a format that can be answered. As this one stands now it's basically useless. –  Seth J Jul 13 '11 at 18:26
    
Why is this a bad question? –  Adam Mosheh Jul 30 '12 at 14:55
    
@AdamMosheh, I think it was badly worded originally. –  Seth J Mar 18 '13 at 17:59
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closed as not a real question by Seth J, Shmuel Brin, msh210 Jan 2 '12 at 20:17

It's difficult to tell what is being asked here. This question is ambiguous, vague, incomplete, overly broad, or rhetorical and cannot be reasonably answered in its current form. For help clarifying this question so that it can be reopened, visit the help center.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

3 Answers

Yishayhu 45:7 says "I form the light, and create Darkness; I make peace, and create evil; I am the LORD, That Doeth all These Things."

In this context, "evil" would be the things which causes a person to feel troubled.

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To begin with, I think we must first understand the term "good" because God only creates "good". Evil is only a possibility that arises when Good is created. (If God created "up" then "down" is a necessary possibility, but not a certainty.

The creation story says God created light and it was "good". So, how do we interpret that? Rambam understands "good" to mean something that conforms to 'God's will'. When God created the heavens and the Earth there was an element of uncertainty (chaos) to his creation. There was a chance, due to the randomness built into nature, that our world wouldn't have been the way it is now. So when it says the light is "good" it means that it was created just as God wanted it to be, it conformed to his will. If however, the photon for instance had been slightly smaller or heavier, the entire universe wouldn't have been formed as we know it, and it wouldn't have been "good".

Judaism is all about following the mitzvot in the Torah, because man has a free will, and the "knowledge of Good and Evil" and Man can use this intelligence to choose to conform to God's will and do things that are "good" or man can act in a way that doesn't conform to God's will, and that is considered "bad" and creates evil. For example things like murder and stealing are evils brought about by man acting against God's will, and to refrain from them is a "good" action which conforms to God's will.

So there are two ways that evil happens and neither of them are brought about by God. First is through randomness built into nature, as necessary accident that comes along when God is creating "good" things that conform to his will, and the second is by man bringing evil into the world by not acting as God wants us to.

the guide of the perplexed I
the guide of the perplexed 2

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That goes directly against Isiah... –  avi Jul 13 '11 at 17:49
    
how so? can you elaborae? –  zaq Jul 13 '11 at 18:01
    
See my answer above. The pasuk directly says that Gd creates evil. In hebrew it's "Boreh Ra" –  avi Jul 13 '11 at 18:05
    
Rambam deals with this in chapter II.10. Isiah says "formed" not "created", so Darkness and Evil were formed as a necessary characteristic of the Light and Good that God created. For instance, God created sight, not blindness - blindness is just the absence of sight. –  zaq Jul 13 '11 at 18:15
    
@avi: but on the other hand, there is the expression (in R' Meir ibn Gabbai's Avodas Hakodesh, and other sources) that אין דבר רע יורד מן השמים, no evil thing comes from G-d (from His perspective it is all good, it is only from the human perspective that it comes out as evil). He cites in this connection Prov. 19:3: "The foolishness of a person corrupts his ways, but his heart is angered against G-d" (i.e., the person blames G-d for the evil that was actually caused by his own actions). –  Alex Jul 13 '11 at 18:20
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There is evil in the world so that we can appreciate the good.

There is death in the world so that we can appreciate life.

There is an evil inclination inside of us so that the good we do means something.

As the Talmud tells us:

Resh Lakish said: "Satan, the Evil Inclination, and the Angel of Death are all one." (Baba Bathra 16a)

See this article from Aish.com that addresses a lot of your questions.

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