What part of שחרית would you identify as "prayer"?
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closed as unclear what you're asking by Danny Schoemann, Avrohom Yitzchok, sabbahillel, Scimonster, mevaqesh Dec 20 '15 at 16:37
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When the g'mara used the term "shacharis" it referred to Sh'moneh Esre, all of which is prayer. Likewise, when it used the term t'fila, generally translated as "prayer", it meant Sh'moneh Esre alone. It is a 3- (or 4-, including supplemental petitions at the end) part prayer, beginning with praise, continuing with requests, and concluding with gratitude.
If you are referring to the entirety of the recitation in the morning, from Modeh Ani through Alenu L'shabe'ach, and using a broader definition of "prayer" than above, then the question may be more easily addressed by asking which parts are not prayer. Everything that contains one of the aforementioned elements of praise, request, or gratitude can rightly be considered prayer, which leaves a small number of obligatory blessings at the beginning, and the recital of Sh'ma.
I think it would be easier to answer your question by identifying what isn't prayer and then by exclusion you can see in shachris everything that is prayer. The only thing which comes to mind right now is the shema. In the Shema we are not praising, asking, or thanking which are the three categories of prayer. Shema is rather a statement of faith than a prayer.
There may be other parts but I can't think of any at the moment.