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If a Shochet under the influence of alcohol slaughtered meat is the meat kosher for consumption or does the fact that he is drunk make him equivalent to a Shoteh (a mentally incompetent person) thereby disqualifying his Shechita?

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4 Answers

up vote 1 down vote accepted

Rabbi Gifter in Parshas Shemini (Vayikra 10:9) says that the issur of shasui yayin (that one who has drunk wine cannot do avodah) applies equally to a Yisrael that shechts.

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...who slaughters ...what? Sacrifices? Or chulin? –  msh210 Jun 29 '11 at 19:47
In what sefer does this appear? –  WAF Jun 30 '11 at 15:51
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A drunk person should not slaughter, but if he did anyhow, as long as the technique was proper, the slaughter would still be good. In fact, even if he was so completely drunk as to be not cognizant of his actions ("as drunk as Lot") and he'd have the same halachic status as someone insane; the halacha is if someone insane did slaughter, and used the proper technique, it would still be kosher. (Rambam laws of slaughter 2:12).

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Shalom, he says the drunk person needs to have done it not only properly but under supervision for it to be deemed Kasher. –  Seth J Jun 30 '11 at 13:11
@SethJ Indeed Ramba"m did not make up that requirement either. It is brought down in the g'mara in Chulin and Gitin. –  WAF Jun 30 '11 at 15:56
It's actually in the first Mishnah of Hullin, and it's the Gemara and Rishonim in which it is discussed/debated to whom that requirement applies and under what circumstances. Yay, Daf Yomi. –  Seth J Jun 30 '11 at 15:58
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RaMBa"M, Hil. Shehitah 4:5 puts a drunk person in the same category as a Heresh, Shoteh and Katan, who have no Da'ath, but whose Shehitah is valid if done under supervision. See my answer to this question about age limits.


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Menachem, thanks for the fix. –  Seth J Jun 30 '11 at 17:12
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From here:

The Shulchan Aruch (Yoreh De'ah 1:8) states that one who becomes as drunk as Lot (see Genesis, ch. 19) may not slaughter. One who has not reached this stage of inebriation may slaughter at the outset. The Rama rules more stringently, stating that a person should never slaughter when drunk, for it is likely that he will disqualify the slaughter.

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