Why, when comforting a mourner at the completion of a Shiva visit, do we refer to G-d as Hamakom? We say Hamakom Yanachem Eschem - why not Hashem Yenachem or Elokim Yenachem?
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I suspect another influence on this is that according to Midrash, in Temple times, mourners would enter the Temple and be told:
If so it would make a lot of sense that in post-Temple times, the greeting became:
The loss is felt as a void in one's life - an empty space . Only G-D who is called HAMAKOM in that HE IS THE SPACE OF THE WORLD BUT THE WORLD IS NOT HIS SPACE. This means the existence is within G-D so G-D is the space.
Since nothing in the world can make up for the void except for G-D who is and fills all space we express the wish that G-D will fill that void and make the heart whole.
btw MAKOM is the square of the SHEM HAVA-Y-AH according to the ARIZAL.
this totals 186, which is also the numerical value of MAKOM in HEBREW