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I know what "Talmud" means and that it derives from the root Lamed Mem Dalet. But I cannot figure out how the word derives. Is it Aramaic (i.e. not Hebrew) and/or are there any other words that follow the t..w. scheme?

(. is a root letter.)

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up vote 5 down vote accepted

It is Hebrew. דתנן ר' יהודה אומר הוי זהיר בתלמוד ששגגת תלמוד עולה זדון. Note that this is a Mishna, and ש to mean 'that/for', instead of ד. You can look up the word in Jastrow.

http://www.tyndalearchive.com/TABS/Jastrow/index.htm

Other words on the same pattern: targum; tafnuk (delicacy).

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Also תרבות, תנחום, תשלום, e.g. –  WAF Aug 14 '11 at 3:20
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