Take the 2-minute tour ×
Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. It's 100% free, no registration required.

In my minhag (and I believe it's minhag Ashkenaz), unmarried men do not wear a Talis Gadol (only a Talis Katan).

Why is this so?

share|improve this question
1  
I have heard that this originated in Europe as an incentive for young men to get married. No source, though. –  jake May 22 '11 at 21:05
    
The Yekkes wear a talis Gadol from Bar Mitzva however they do not cover their head with the Talis until marriage. –  Gershon Gold May 22 '11 at 23:37
    
@GershonGold, judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/3131 –  msh210 May 25 '11 at 18:35
    
An answer to this question, different from the one offered in the answer below, is in Taame Haminhagim 967, but I don't understand it, so am not writing it as an answer. –  msh210 Mar 28 '12 at 16:44
    
Ashkenaz, but not Germany –  Adam Mosheh Jul 5 '12 at 14:46

3 Answers 3

up vote 7 down vote accepted

In D'varim 22, the pasuk commanding placement of tzitziyos on 4-cornered garments immediately precedes the pasuk describing/commanding getting married. The juxtaposition gave rise to the minhag of simultanaizing these two acts.

Extracting instructive meaning from the juxtaposition of two verses is universally acceptable as a method of interpretation only in D'varim. The example used by the g'mara to prove this includes one of the aforementioned p'sukim. In this issue of Yeshivat Har Etzion's Daf Kesher, the topic is addressed. Its mention is attributed to the Sefer Hamanhig, on whom the Mishna B'rura asks exactly @jake's question in the comment below: How could it be that a mitzva from the Torah is pushed off beyond the age of bar mitzva?

It is suggested that although an interesting symbolic connection exists between wrapping oneself in a talis and protecting one's wife or imitating God's ways, citing the pasuk is intended to be a postfix hint and not an ab initio source.

(Also see this Satmar publication for extensive treatment of the same question: פרי תמרים)

share|improve this answer
    
"Extracting instructive meaning from the juxtaposition of two verses" is only acceptable as a method of rabbinic midrash halacha. Never before have I heard of such a method being used to provide for "giving rise to a minhag", especially one that counters the general idea of one being obligated in mitzvos from bar mitzva age. –  jake May 22 '11 at 23:05
    
Good point. It needs explanation. Stay tuned for more. –  WAF May 22 '11 at 23:18
    
Re "citing the pasuk is intended to be a postfix hint and not an ab initio source." Great way of describing derech asmachta. Also, the article in P'ri T'marim, in my opinion, does a better job of justifying the minhag. I would recommend summarizing its conclusion as part of your answer. –  jake May 22 '11 at 23:42
    
@jake - Coming right up. –  WAF May 23 '11 at 3:11
1  
In minhag Ashkenaz, paseukim are frequently darshened in ways not found in Chazal in order to justify minhagim. Aside from tzitzit, another example is the minhag of not praying ma'ariv of shavuot before tzait hakochavim. This comes from the paseuk of sefira being "seven complete weeks". However the first person to justify this minhag was R' Avraham Horowitz, the father of the Shelah HaKadosh, which means this justification significantly postdates chazal. –  Chanoch May 23 '11 at 13:27

The B'nei Yissachar says that kabalistically, a Talit Gadol draws down an Or Makif (Transcendent Light). This can only be drawn down when a person is joyful (with Simcha Shel Mitzvah). Since the Gemara says (Yevamot 62B) "A man without a wife lives without joy", and (Shabbos 152A) "The joy of the heart is a woman" an unmarried person does not wear a Talit Gadol.

(I found this in "Tzitzit - Halacha Lema'aseh")

share|improve this answer
    
Welcome to Judaism.SE, and thanks very much for bringing in this idea! –  Isaac Moses May 25 '11 at 18:27
1  
The spouse serving as a •Makif*, an internalizer of the holiness of the Neshama to the righteous, scholarly person, is referred to in Chapter 8 (The Five Parts of the Soul) of the holy book Flames of Faith by Rabbi Zev Reichman, on page 82. –  Adam Mosheh Jul 5 '12 at 14:38

There is no chiyuv to wear Tzitzis unless you are wearing a 4-cornered garment. That used to be what they wore in bavel, but over time the style of clothing changed. It became customary to specifically put on a 4-cornered garment so as to get the mitzvah of Tzitzis. It seems that the custom to wear a large 4-cornered garment was only adopted by married people, perhaps due to financial reasons.

Note that German-Jews do wear Tallesim before marriage, and I think R'Hershel Schachter also thinks its a good idea.

share|improve this answer
1  
Not only "German-Jews" (aka Yekkes) but also Sefardim and Teimanim. –  Danny Schoemann Nov 1 '12 at 11:52

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.