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Is there any significance in Judaism attached to the day someone was born (aside for the 13th year)? Is there anything wrong with celebrating one's birthday? And is it more correct to celebrate the "hebrew" date or the gregorian date?

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Zichron Shemuel ch. 2 and Shaare Tefila ch. 18 (who brings the aforementioned Sefer) writes that a birthday is an Et Rason for Tefila. –  Hacham Gabriel Feb 24 '12 at 3:18
    
It is relevant historically (though less theologically) that the Christian Gospels record that Herod Antipas had a birthday party, which was attended by “court officials, military commanders, and leaders of Galilee.” However, Antipas' Jewish piety is questionable, particularly because Josephus (probably veraciously) records the depiction of religiously objectionable animals in his mansion. –  Argon Mar 19 at 22:33
    
Yerushalmi RH 3:8 –  Double AA Apr 1 at 5:36
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8 Answers

up vote 12 down vote accepted

There are definitely some specially celebratory ones other than age 13, such as when one surpasses the deadline for kares, as Rav Yosef did when he turned 60 and threw himself a party (Mo'ed Katan 28). The Kaf Hachayim, cited in this article by Rav Ari Enkin, also quotes sources for age 70 being an appropriate birthday to recite birkas shehechiyanu (presumably due to its identification with the human lifespan). That same article presents plenty of sources for the significance of the birthdays of great people in our history, both from practical and metaphysical standpoints.

The assumption in all of the above is that the birthday of significance is the Jewish one. For example, (as you noted) it is what determines the date that one reaches legal adulthood, and all other considerations in halacha.

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Surprisingly good list of sources can be found on Vos Iz Neias

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I wrote a paper about this topic see: http://rchaimqoton.blogspot.com/2007/04/happy-birthday.html and http://independent.academia.edu/RudolphKlein/Papers/1091818/Happy_Birthday_

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Summarizing it in your answer would greatly improve the latter. –  msh210 Feb 22 '12 at 19:48
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I've heard argued that the secular date should be celebrated because the only source in tanach that we have of birthdays is Pharoh celebrating his birthday in Gen 40:20 There is no reference in tanach to a hebrew birthday. Hence the secular date should be celebrated.

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"I've heard argued" by anyone authoritative? –  msh210 Dec 5 '11 at 4:07
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And the Bar Mitzva should be 13 years later on the Secular date? –  Gershon Gold Feb 22 '12 at 19:45
    
@GershonGold Clearly not as that is a rule regading a halachic status in age. We're talking about celebrating birthdays here. –  Double AA Feb 22 '12 at 22:28
    
I believe Rav Chaim Kaniefsky was asked for the origin of birthdays and he replied it is minhag paroh. –  sam Jul 24 '12 at 21:54
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Sichos in English has a list of birthday customs suggested by the last Lubavitcher Rebbe.

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Per meta.judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/75/excerpting-articles/…, please don't copy entire pages from other sites. Link, summarize, excerpt, and recommend. –  Isaac Moses Jul 8 '11 at 18:28
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It doesn't seem like there's any real significance to an ordinary birthday. But it doesn't seem like there's anything wrong with marking another lap around the sun. For Jewish matters, the hebrew birthday is what counts, so I assume that would be the main day. However, see this post:

http://torahmusings.com/2009/05/secular-birthdays/

Hirhurim also discussed birthdays here: http://torahmusings.com/2004/11/birthdays/

Though over here, R.Enkin found some scattered sources that might support it: http://torahmusings.com/2008/03/birthdays-2/

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A birthday is a time to reflect and to accept upon oneself to improve in one's ways. The correct day to celebrate is the Hebrew date. It is significant as we see in Pirkei Avos Ben Esrim, Ben Shloshim, etc.

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A source for "is a time..." would be nice. –  msh210 May 16 '11 at 2:53
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@msh210: Hayom Yom, entry for 11 Nissan. I'm sure other sources exist too. –  Alex May 16 '11 at 14:23
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There is a notion that someone celebrating a birthday is a Chiyuv for getting an Aliyah to the Torah. It comes really low on the list, but it is there.

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A source would be nice. –  msh210 May 16 '11 at 2:53
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