Take the 2-minute tour ×
Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. It's 100% free, no registration required.

What is the explanation (according to the Jewish Bible, Talmud, etc.) for the destruction of the First Temple?

share|improve this question
    
Kaveh, Welcome to judaism.SE, and thanks very much for the important question! –  Isaac Moses May 11 '11 at 14:28
    
@Issac, thank you for your kind welcome. :) I think I will find this site quite useful in extending my understanding and knowledge of Judaism. –  Kaveh May 12 '11 at 1:00
add comment

3 Answers

The most famous reason is committing the 3 cardinal sins, but other reasons are given also. The Bible gives some reasons in a couple of places, and the Talmud expounds on them. The Pentateuch has many warnings if the Jews are bad, they will be exiled (See the weekly reading next week). One of the sins emphasized is the failure to observe the Sabbatical year. Therefore it is said that the Jews were exiled for 70 years for failing to observe 70 sabbaticals.

A verse in the prophets mentions how they abandoned the Torah. Chazal say that this refers to the failure to recite the blessing over the Torah. Many commentators explain what this can mean (i.e what aspect of Torah study did they fail at).

Whatever this failure was, their abandonment of the Torah is likely connected to their eventual committing of the 3 cardinal sins.

share|improve this answer
1  
Ariel, I would tend to agree with your assessment at the end, but there are unfortunately many examples in the press of "pious" Jews involved in the 3 cardinal sins as well as other publicly embarrassing sins. I will still say that I agree with you, though, since, although one may appear pious, their improper/sinful/illegal/scandalous actions would indicate otherwise, which is what I think you meant anyway. –  Seth J May 16 '11 at 19:58
1  
I don' think we have newspapers from the First Temple period. –  Ariel K May 17 '11 at 0:51
add comment

The Jews distanced themselves from God, who therefore caused the symbol and medium of their closeness to him to be destroyed. More specifically, the g'mara (according to Rashi there) says, they did not view the Tora as important.

share|improve this answer
    
This is a very uncharacteristically vague answer coming from you. –  Seth J May 11 '11 at 15:01
1  
@Seth, better now? I've linked to the g'mara in question. –  msh210 May 11 '11 at 15:21
add comment

Idolatry, immorality and murder. See Babylonian Talmud, Yoma 9b:

מקדש ראשון מפני מה חרב מפני ג' דברים שהיו בו ע"ז וגלוי עריות ושפיכות דמים

share|improve this answer
8  
Point of clarification for those unaware: "immorality" as used by Shaul in this case means forbidden sexual relations. "Immorality" is not a direct translation of the passage quoted above from the Talmud. –  Seth J May 11 '11 at 15:00
2  
@Seth - thanks for clarifying! –  Shaul May 12 '11 at 4:29
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.