Would those who hold that a minor can serve as an agent in Jewish law (for a d'var r'shus - discretionary act, not a mitzva) hold similarly for a sufficiently intelligent and self-aware robot? The qualifications for the minor seem to be:
- He possesses the basic level of discernment to consciously accept the task and
- He has the faculties necessary for preforming it.
Or would a non-human always fail on criterion 1 no matter how much intelligence it could simulate?
(See, for example, the Sha"ch on Choshen Mishpat 182.)