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Why do we (ashkenazim) not do birchas kohanim in chutz la'aretz (except on yom tov), but in Israel, we do?

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Just a note: Even in Israel, it depends on preicse location. Most famously, I think, there is no daily birkas kohanim in Tz'fas. –  msh210 Mar 9 '11 at 20:19
    
Good question. It is, in fact, even a bitul mitzvat aseh. –  Adam Mosheh Dec 2 '11 at 6:57
    
@AdamMosheh I don't think it's a bitul aseh if we don't call them up. It's more comparable to not wearing a tallit katan: you aren't obligated in tzitzit because you aren't wearing a four cornered garment, but we still would rather do the mitzva than not. –  Double AA Mar 22 '12 at 5:06
    
What about Ashkenazic Kohanim at a Sephardic minyan? –  Adam Mosheh Mar 25 '12 at 3:04
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1 Answer

up vote 3 down vote accepted

Tha Rama in Orach Chaim Siman 128 says we do not do Nesias Kapayim as we are only in proper Simcha on Yom Tov. During the rest of the year, even on Shabbos we are worried about our sustanance and our work.

http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=14164&st=&pgnum=18

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And in Israel? –  jake Mar 9 '11 at 18:50
    
See footnote 164 Mishna Berura –  Gershon Gold Mar 9 '11 at 19:00
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@GershonGold Can you please add in the part about "footnote 164"? That is an integral part of jake's original question –  yydl Oct 2 '11 at 2:33
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