Take the 2-minute tour ×
Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Does anyone know of any sources that say that the reason that we light the Shabbos candles is to show that we do use light for Shabbos, as opposed to the Karaites that do not?

share|improve this question

2 Answers 2

To the best of my knowledge the primary opposition to having pre-lit candles in your home on Sabbath didn't come until the Karaites, hundreds of years after the "Pharisees." (Well the Pharisees had to deal with Zoroastrians who would ban any fire outside of their temples on certain days, but that's an entirely different issue.) I'm inclined to believethat when the folks who brought you the Talmud said the reason for candles was to increase the honor of the day, and make for more harmonious interactions within families (people aren't tripping over each other in the dark), that those are the primary reasons. But it's possible that the mainstream rabbis in the time of the Karaites, i.e. the Gaonim, did further stress the practice to highlight the difference.

I know Chief Rabbi Sacks points out that "Bameh Madlikin" appears in our siddur (prayers) Friday night as a way of emphasizing our belief that flames can stay kindled. (I saw this in his introduction to his British siddur; it's probably in the Koren-Sacks as well.)

I've since heard it observed that the Talmud makes no mention of a blessing on the candles, only that you have to have them lit. The blessing making it clear this is an obligation appears to have been developed by the Gaonim; it's suggested that one rationale in doing so was to stress against Karaite practice.

share|improve this answer

That's one reason given as to why we eat cholent (which stays on the fire - or nowadays, more likely, in the crockpot - through most of Shabbos). I don't believe I've ever heard of this as a reason for Shabbos candles.

share|improve this answer
    
Right; the hot-food-on-Shabbos (could be as simple as a hot water pot, no?) to counter the Karaites; that concept is attributed to ... I want to say Rav Saadiah Gaon? Is that right, Alex? –  Shalom Feb 13 '11 at 23:46
    
Possible, but I don't know the source, or whether it predates him. –  Alex Feb 14 '11 at 0:36
    
baal hamaor. see here: revach.net/article.php?id=2906 though chamin, not chulent. only in modern hebrew is chamin=chulent, though some have made this silly mistake. see here: parsha.blogspot.com/2008/10/… point 4, about one such case. –  josh waxman Feb 14 '11 at 13:44
    
@joshwaxman that cholent/B"T/Giyur story is horrifying. Have you heard whether or not there was more to the story? –  Seth J Jan 10 '13 at 20:07

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.