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What is the source for the greeting "שבת שלום"?

Where is it earliest attested in print?

What does it mean?

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Rabbi Akiva Eiger 271 –  sam Dec 27 '13 at 20:42
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2 Answers 2

up vote 20 down vote accepted

It's at least as old as the Sh'la (around 1600), according to Taame Haminhagim, kuntres acharon 94 to paragraph 396, which says in the Sh'la's name, via the Baer Hetev OC 307:2: "Someone visiting his friend on Shabas should not say, e.g., 'good morning' as on a weekday, but rather 'shabas shalom' or 'shabas tov', to fulfill 'zachor es yom hashabas'."

It may, of course, be older; perhaps someone else has more info.

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It is prescribed in שער הכוונות (Sha'ar Hakavanos, published in the sixteenth century) in the 7th paragraph here) to announce it loudly upon arriving home on Friday night for the reasons mentioned by msh210.

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15th century would be the 1400's. The ARI and his student(s) who produced Shaar HaKavanos chabad.org/kabbalah/article_cdo/aid/380689/jewish/… lived in the 16th century. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Luria –  Yahu Mar 7 '11 at 4:19
    
This is prior to the Shala. –  Hacham Gabriel Feb 1 '12 at 2:21
    
Location / link? –  Malper Dec 27 '13 at 5:41
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