If a doctor tells a person that he is certain to die shortly (e.g., within one hour), what should that person do during his remaining minutes?
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Various siddurim and halacha books have recommended "last rites", so to speak. This is done between the individual and G-d; if a rabbi is present, that would only be to help the person read the material. It usually include an affirmation of faith (in various wordings, often paralleling Maimonides' Thirteen Principles), an expression of confession (to G-d, not to the rabbi) and request that others forgive him, and the Shema.
Good question! Obviously saying Vidui would be on the short list of things to do.
The truth is that this question is relevant to all of us, every day, as illustrated in this story: