Take the 2-minute tour ×
Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. It's 100% free, no registration required.

In Al Hanissim we say:

Vhidliku Neiros Bchatzros Kodshecha

Why in do we use the Plural form, was there more than one Chatzer?

share|improve this question
add comment

1 Answer

up vote 6 down vote accepted

The various gradations of holiness within the Beis Hamikdash complex (listed in the Mishnah, Kelim 1:8ff) are each generally referred to in Tanach as a chatzer. The expression חצרות קדשך is borrowed from Isaiah 62:9 (בחצרות קדשי), referring to Jerusalem as a whole. And then we find, among others:

  • חצר החדשה ("the new courtyard," II Chron. 20:5; this is identified as the Har Habayis (Rashi to Zevachim 32b) or the Ezras Nashim (Rambam, Hil. Bias Mikdash 3:6))

  • חצר הגדולה ("the great courtyard") and חצר בית ה' הפנימית ("the inner courtyard of Hashem's house," both in I Kings 7:12), evidently referring to the Har Habayis and the Ezras Yisrael/Kohanim, respectively

  • 'שתי חצרות בית ה (II Kings 21:5), probably referring to the same two (or maybe to the Ezras Yisrael/Kohanim and the Ezras Nashim)

  • and numerous references to 'חצר בית ה and חצר החיצונה and חצר הפנימית in the books of Jeremiah and Ezekiel.

The Lubavitcher Rebbe's (zt"l) answer that I quoted here says that indeed they lit lamps and candelabra throughout the entire complex (in all of these "courtyards") in order to show their gratitude to Hashem for the miracles of Chanukah.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.