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In this question various surnames are explored that are strongly associated with being a Kohein. Some of them are rather unambiguously chosen simply because the chooser wanted to indicate their status. Others are more coincidental in nature (e.g. Rappaport), and some are contra-indicators (e.g. Hadad).

For a name that pretty strongly indicates Kohen lineage, if a Kohen is suggested a shidduch with a woman who has such a maiden last name (eg "Katz," "Cohen" or maybe especially "Hadad") but whose family has no claim of being Kohanim or any knowledge of how the family came to possess that name, should he be concerned that the family was in fact a family of Kohanim and then became Chalalim, or should he just regard the name as a coincidence?

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Is a kohen not allowed to marry the daughter of a chalal? – msh210 Aug 28 '14 at 19:18
@msh210, from my link on Chalalim: "For female children, the daughter (a chalalah) can marry anyone except for a Kohen." – Yishai Aug 28 '14 at 19:19
Yishai @msh210 A Chalala who marries a Yisrael ends the line. This is all discussed in EH 7:16 – Double AA Aug 29 '14 at 5:49
@DoubleAA, thanks, but that's not relevant, as that'd end the surname line also. – msh210 Aug 29 '14 at 5:58

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