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What exactly is a ברכה שאינה צריכה?

I have heard, in a shiur about halachot of shabbat, that during shabbat, when you say fewer berachot, you should first say bircat hamazon and then make new berachot on desserts. Wouldn't this constitute as a ברכה שאינה צריכה?

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In many cases, you would have to make A new bracha rishona on dessert even if you had not yet said birkat hamazon. This doesn't really answer the question, though, because the question still holds for the subsequent brachot achronot for the desserts. –  Daniel Aug 26 at 17:13
    
@Ani Yodea what are you asking ? do you want to know what the parameters of Bracha SHEina Tzricha is ? or do you want to know if it is appropriate to eat dessert after bentching on shabbos so you can get 100 brachos in. don't reply - edit your question :) –  eramm Aug 27 at 16:23
    
@eramm, saying a new beracha on dessert right after saying birkat hamazon. –  Ani Yodeya Aug 27 at 18:46

1 Answer 1

See Situation 85 in this article:

When one recites a bracha, he is not only reciting a bracha--he is also performing, at the very least, a Mitzvah D’Rabbanan. Thus, assuming that one is not making a bracha MiD’Oraysa (such as bentsching or perhaps Birchas HaTorah)--if he makes 100 brachos a day, he is also fulfilling 100 Mitzvos D’Rabbanan!

My inference from this quote - Birkat Hamazon is D'oraita, and since you had a s'eudah, you are required to say it, so there's no violation, here. There is also a requirement to say 100 Brachot per day, and the Bracha rishona on the desert is D'Rabbanan. You are making the bracha rishona on the desert for the purpose of another mitzvah, namely, getting to the goal of 100 mitzvoth.

The vague part within this evaluation is - how does the term "tzricha" - necessary - apply, here? While there is a mitzvah to say 100 Brachot daily, I don't think it is a requirement to do it. Therefore, according to that logic, making the separate bracha, perhaps is "eina tzricha".

I am inclined to say CYLOR, but, something tells me that your rav might tell you CMY (Contact Mi Yodeya), so you'll create recursion she'eina tzricha :-)

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So is it beracha sheina tzricha or isn't it? –  Ani Yodeya Aug 27 at 18:45
    
@AniYodeya - My opinion, based on above is no, it isn't. Based on the OP's linked article, the rule seems to apply in situations where you could have exempted one bracha by saying another. I.e. - you were making the brachot solely for the purpose of eating. Here, the intention is reversed, i.e. - you are eating so that you can make the bracha and your making the bracha to fulfill a mitzvah of making the bracha. Seems that the rule doesn't apply, here. Again, it's my opinion based on my induction. –  DanF Aug 28 at 3:28

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