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Taken at face value, the instances in which the Heavens and Earth are mentioned in the Torah, it is the Heavens above and Earth below. From what I gather, many secular scholars take from this that the author speaks of a flat earth beneath a heaven.

We of course know that the Earth is a spherical celestial body in space revolving around the sun. That's why I ask, the Torah being the ultimate truth Judaism is based on, whether there is in fact something within it that could allude to the true physical nature of Earth in relation to the Heavens?

Something I came across during the parasha "Va'etchanan", is a moment in chapter 4 verse 32. Moses asks rhetorically whether there has been such an event to occur "from one end of the Heavens to the other". He is speaking about all that has occurred to the nation of Israel and what truths they have been gifted with.

I wonder if perhaps the fact that rather than saying "from one end of the Earth to the other", the Heavens are mentioned instead, it could be surmised through this that the Heavens (or, the Universe) encompass the Earth.

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I dont see how heavans above and earth below implies anything. The Torah was written for inhabitants of the Earth, and to inhabitants of the Earth, earth is down and sky is up –  mevaqesh Feb 4 at 16:54
A) That was not the focal point of my question, just part of the preamble. B) I don't think anything in the Torah is supposed to be taken only at face value. Otherwise we wouldn't have such a rich variety of texts interpreting its contents. I would think this would be especially true for a section of the Torah that describes cosmic events in a few paragraphs. –  Echad-Ani-Yodeya Feb 11 at 21:35

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