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  1. I read somewhere that people who daven in the backroom of a shul (i.e. a hallway or on the balcony) are not יוצא davening with a tzibur, unless there happens to be a minyan in that room with them. Where is the halachic source for this?

  2. I also read somewhere that even if there is a minyan in the backroom (i.e. a hallway or on the balcony) they may have a problem with פורש מן הציבור and ברוב עם הדרת מלך. Where is the halachic source for this?

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Number one is a siman in the Shulchan Aruch One of the 50s – sam Jul 20 '14 at 19:54
I'm confused by #1 -- why would you be yotzei if you aren't with a minyan? Is there some reason to believe that "in the same building" or "in the room next door" might be good enough? If so, your question would be stronger if you were to edit that in. Thanks. – Monica Cellio Jul 20 '14 at 21:04
@MonicaCellio it depends on the manner of separation between one room and the other. There are many details to these laws – Matt Jul 20 '14 at 23:40
Closely related: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/27406 – msh210 Jul 21 '14 at 4:38

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