Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

Kings I ch. 7 tells of Solomon enlisting a Tyrian smith named Hiram to fashion many implements that were used in the Temple. He is said to be the orphaned son of a Tyrian man and a woman from Naphtali.

Chronicles II ch. 2 speaks of the King of Tyre sending a smith named Huram, Who is the son of a Tyrian man and a woman from Dan.

Huram is said in ch. 4 to have made basically the same things that Hiram made in Kings. This strongly implies that they were the same person.

Why do the verses relate this man to Naphtali in one place and Dan in the other?

share|improve this question
up vote 4 down vote accepted

Radak explains that the verse is saying that Hiram was from the Tribe of Naftali, meaning that his father was from Naftali. He is called Tyrian because that was where he lived.

So his father was from Naftali and his mother was from Dan.

Parenthetically, the commentary attributed to Rashi on Chronicles explains that Huram's mother's tribe is given based exegetically on the naming of Dan and Naftali in Genesis. Rachel 'wound cords' (פתיל‏, like in נפתלי. I think also דין‏, justice, like in דן), so as to be similar to Leah, her sister. This is why Oholiab the Danite was chosen alongside Bezalel, a descendant of Leah through Judah, and why Huram was chosen alongside Solomon.

I don't fully understand the inclusion of both Dan and Naftali based on this. Perhaps Bathsheba was also from a tribe descended from Leah, causing Solomon to have a twofold lineage which needed to be matched? it does seem that Bathsheba was from Judah.

share|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.