Who were the women seducers in Shitim who caused the Jewish people to stray after their gods (Baal Peor), discussed in Parshas Balak and Pinchas?
On the one hand, it seems like the women came from Moav:
- The story is introduced as (Bamidbar 25:1) וַיָּחֶל הָעָם לִזְנוֹת אֶל-בְּנוֹת מוֹאָב, the nation began to stray after the daughters of Moav
On the other hand, it seems like some (or most?) of them were Midianites:
- The woman killed by Pinchas, Kozbi bas Tzur, was a Midianite (s.v. 25:6, 25:15, 25:17)
- Moshe was commanded to kill the Midianties for their role in this event (25:17), and the ensuing war against them requires killing of the women "because of their role in the matter of Peor" (31:16)
So which nation was it?