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What are all the times when we say the t'fila beginning with the words "עלינו לשבח" commonly known as "Alenu"?

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Strictly speaking, some of these are mutually exclusive. For example (as far as I know this is true in all nuschaos), Aleinu is not said after Shacharis on a day when Musaf is said. –  Alex Nov 28 '10 at 21:33
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The same goes for מנחה and נעילה. But that is OK. They still both belong on the list. –  WAF Nov 28 '10 at 23:50

4 Answers 4

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Here are some!

For Nusach Ashkenaz:

  • At the end of shacharis (when there's no mussaf)
  • At the end of mincha
  • At the end of ma'ariv
  • At the end of mussaf
  • At the end of kidush l'vana
  • At a b'ris
  • Shemoneh Esrei of mussaf on Rosh Hashanah
  • Shemoneh Esrei of mussaf on Yom Kippur

For Nusach Chabad:

  • All of the above (except, perhaps, after a bris: it's not official Chabad minhag to say Aleinu then, and I haven't seen it done, although I understand that some Chabad communities do so)
  • At the end of n'ila
  • After birkas hachama

For Sephardim:

  • At the end of shacharit (when there's no Mussaf)
  • At the end of mincha
  • At the end of arvit
  • At the end of mussaf (even on Yom Kippur)
  • Shemoneh Esrei of Mussaf on Rosh Hashanah
  • Shemoneh Esrei of Mussaf on Yom Kippur
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Who says it at the end of Ne'ilah? I think that's a distinctly Chabad minhag. –  Chanoch Jul 3 '11 at 12:46
    
@Chanoch: indeed, R' Yehoshua Mondshine, in his collection of Chabad minhagim, comments that he hasn't found any other community that does so. –  Alex Jul 4 '11 at 3:34

In the Shemoneh Esrei of Mussaf on Rosh Hashanah. If I'm not mistaken, that is where the tefillah was originally established (see here).

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According to this, you are not mistaken: books.google.com/… –  WAF Nov 28 '10 at 17:45
    
WAF, I just added a link; your comment beat me by 2 seconds! –  Dave Nov 28 '10 at 17:46
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Also in the Musaf of Yom Kippur. –  Alex Nov 28 '10 at 21:37
    
@Alex, but I think its inclusion in Rosh Hashana davening came first. –  WAF Nov 28 '10 at 23:51
    
True. I just meant that it should be added to your list in the original question. –  Alex Nov 29 '10 at 2:31

For sepharadim:

  • At the end of shacharit (when there's no Mussaf)
  • At the end of mincha
  • At the end of arvit
  • At the end of mussaf (even on Yom Kippur)
  • Shemoneh Esrei of Mussaf on Rosh Hashanah
  • Shemoneh Esrei of Mussaf on Yom Kippur
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It all depends on when your finish your tefillah.

If one were to daven shacharit at netz and the mussaf at chatzot (which is the theoretical ideall, at least for a yachid and on a day like rosh chodesh where there is no issue of seudah; see the first biur halacha in 286) then he should say aleinu after shacharit and again after mussaf. Similarly, if mincha and maariv are being recited back to back then no aleinu should be said just like how we omit it from most prayers on Yom Kippur.

See Mishna Brura 132 sk 7

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