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We are told (Ben Ish Chai year 2 miketz, and others...) that Mashiach ben Yosef will fall in the hands of Armilus HaRasha. Some poskim (see ילקוט יוסף תפילה ב הערות נוסחאות התפלה והברכות) who even say we need to pray in our Amidah that MBY will not die at the hands of Armilus. I even saw in a footnote (of מושגים תלמודיים גוג ומגוג) that Gog is Armilus.

Do we know anything else about this seemingly important (albeit evil) character? Please bring sources!

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Here is an article about Armilus. One must remember that there is no mention of Armilus until Saadia Gaon. This brings some doubt as to whether or not Armilus actually exists or whether it is just Christian philisophical influence

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/1789-armilus

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Welcome to Mi Yodeya! This answer could be greatly improved by summarizing, in your own words, the key points of the article. –  YEZ Jun 17 at 20:27
    
Ok my bad, ill do that in the future! –  ejLev Jun 17 at 20:28
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@ejLev, no need to wait for the future, you can edit this answer as well. –  Yishai Jun 17 at 21:01
    
great link. the armilus story mentioned is brought in the midrash talpios first book page 128. (Not an ancient medrash, seems to be 16th century or so). Just in case someone wants to read it inside, figured i'd mention where to find it in 'regular books'. Its still strange to read about moshiach's arch nemisis being reffered to as anticrist. And its entertaining to read it in hebrew once they interpolated nikudos and pronounced it anteekarshto. –  user6591 Jun 17 at 22:29
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