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When people are called up to the Torah by name, often there is a title that goes with them, such as "ha-bachur" for a young man, "ha-rav" for a rabbi (and/or someone with semicha), and other such titles.
....Or at least I assume "ha-bachur" is reserved for young men....today someone got called up for an aliyah; when asked for his name, he replied "ha-bachur Ploni etc." He appeared to be at least over 60 years old.

What do these titles mean, and where do they come from?

[And, most urgently, was my elderly friend entitled to his use of the prefix "ha-bachur"???]

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Related: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/8689/5323 – Shokhet Jun 8 '14 at 3:56
Is your elderly friend married? "Bachur" can be used ti mean bachelor rather than a young man specifically. – Yishai Jun 8 '14 at 13:57
@Yishai I don't know....could be.... – Shokhet Jun 8 '14 at 17:11
@Yishai In the local yeshiva, I discovered that those bochrim in the lower shiur are called "ha-bachur Ploni," while those in the upper shiur (even not yet dating!) are called "ha-chassan" – Shokhet Jun 9 '14 at 0:05
....which led to an interesting story, where someone's mother got many 'mazal tov's when someone who didn't understand the system misinterpreted, and spread the word that "Ploni" was engaged ;) – Shokhet Jun 9 '14 at 0:06

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