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Are Chazal (and traditional sources) considered preferable or more reliable than external (contemporaneous) or academic sources for non Jewish Tradition issues?

For example, this question requests traditional sources for a history question, and discounts Josephus and archaeological evidence as "less reliable."

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No one matters more than Chazal for determining what the Halachic precedent is. Whether or not that means Chazal are more reliable about the Metzius will depend on who you ask - you could bring sources either way. – Yishai Jun 1 '14 at 4:58
What is a "non Jewish Tradition issue"? – Double AA Jun 1 '14 at 5:10
@DoubleAA - History, Science... Anything non-Halachik or non-Haskafic. – Shmuel Jun 1 '14 at 5:14
@Yishai - I don't think the Halacha was decided based on historical precedent. || In fact, one could argue that based on the Halacha, Chazal concluded that historically this [never] happened. (See Chazal's statements that the Avot kept Halacha, and Avraham had a Pesach seder, etc.) – Shmuel Jun 1 '14 at 5:17
@Shmuel, in the specific example, he was asking in relation to people who were trying to make that exact argument (Judaism used to actively seek converts and should again). Not sure what your second point is, though. – Yishai Jun 1 '14 at 5:22

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