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How do we know that a Halacha which is claimed to have been given to Moshe at Sinai actually was? Especially in cases where it seems to contradict the Written Torah given at Sinai?

A Halacha l’Moshe MiSinai is a law communicated by God to Moses that has no reference in the written Torah. The Rambam has a list of 31 such laws.

(Source; See here for a detailed definition, and here for an interesting discussion.)

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"Tradition" aka "Blind Faith" is not what I'm looking for, even though it is an acceptable answer. –  Shmuel May 29 at 7:20
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Which halachot specifically are you referring to? –  Scimonster May 29 at 8:26
    
All of the ones in this category. This article lists them. –  Shmuel May 29 at 8:32
    
The article says "eye for an eye" is not one of them, but Rambam explicitly says it is in 6 here: mechon-mamre.org/i/b401.htm –  Shmuel May 29 at 8:35
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I'd be surprised if we had anything more than tradition and blind faith. –  Baby Seal May 29 at 16:11
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1 Answer 1

This was basically asked to Hillel by the convert who was only willing to accept the written law. Hillel showed him, that anyone reading the Torah needs to rely on a teacher to tell them that a certain word means what it means, and so clearly there must have been a tradition of interpretation. (Shabbos 31a) That very self-same tradition, it so happens to be, not only includes translations/interpretation, but additions (halakha lemoshe misinai) as well. Once we are forced to accept one aspect of that tradition, we need to accept the rest as well.

When it comes to specific laws - it wouldn't be possible to have a written record, because these matters were prohibited to be written (Temurah 14b), and therefore we're going to have to take them on faith. There's no other way for there to be any evidence. (For example, even if you dug up tefillin from every generation since Moshe, and they were all black, I could tell you that that was merely because it was the easiest color ink to make, or traditional, but not because it was told to Moshe by God at Sinai- we have no audio recordings from that particular event).

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(honestly I probably wouldn't upvote this answer if I saw it myself, I just figured that I was on a role answering @Shmuel's questions) –  Matt Jun 1 at 6:54
    
Thank you. Upvoted for effort, even though it's weak. || "Once we are forced to accept one aspect of that tradition, we need to accept the rest as well." Not necessarily. One could accept interpretations and explanations which are rooted in the text, but reject things which appear to be inventions, especially if they contradict the text. –  Shmuel Jun 1 at 7:26
    
of course; that's what makes it weak –  Matt Jun 1 at 13:31
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