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What is a woman's requirement to say Bircat Hamazon with a Zimun of women?

What is a woman's requirement to say Bircat Hamazon with a Zimun of men?

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up vote 19 down vote accepted

The Shulchan Aruch in Orach Chaim Siman 199 Paragraph 7 says:

שולחן ערוך אורח חיים סימן קצט:ז
נשים מזמנות לעצמן - רשות. אבל כשאוכלות עם האנשים, חייבות ויוצאות בזמון שלנו.

Women can do a Zimun alone. It is a רשות (optional). But if they are with three men, then the women are obligated (with the men), and a man would lead.

The Beiur Halacha quoted below states that according to the GR”A even a group of women eating without men have a חוב (obligation) to create a Zimun. However, he notes this is not how the world is accustomed.

ביאור הלכה סימן קצט ד"ה נשים מזמנות
ודעת הגר"א בביאורו שהעיקר כהרא"ש ותר"י שנשים מזמנות לעצמן חוב. אך העולם לא נהגו כן

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According to the Shulchan Aruch HaRav, the women who ate with men may split off if they want and would remain obligated to perform their own zimmun. – Double AA May 20 '12 at 7:58

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