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I am aware that someone would say Bircat Hagomel after recovering from surgery or another major illness.

Can someone say the bracha after outpatient procedures such as a colonoscopy, where they have removed polyps, or if a person previously had dangerously high cholesterol, and a subsequent blood test confirmed that the danger is gone?

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a CYLOR question, I think but I don't know the sources. I was told to say it after any procedure in which I was unconscious, including in twilight sleep. – Danno May 15 '14 at 20:00
In brief: See Shulchan Aruch and Rama (OC 219:8). The former maintains that if someone was bedridden from illness, they recite haGomel, and the latter maintains that the person had to be in danger (sufficient that it would require chillul Shabbos) to recite the blessing (a number of acharonim extend this to any case where someone was bedridden for at least three days). If someone required minor surgery that only involved local anesthesia, they would generally not recite the blessing. See Tzitz Eliezer (12:18) for a discussion of what kinds of surgeries qualify for this blessing. – Fred May 15 '14 at 20:03
Incidentally, the cases you describe involve danger, but they generally do not involve immediate danger (i.e. if a doctor would allow a remedial procedure to be delayed by more than a day). – Fred May 15 '14 at 20:07
@Fred Sounds like an answer. – Shmuel May 15 '14 at 20:07
@Fred, perhaps an answer. Can you excerpt a section of the source of info? – DanF May 15 '14 at 21:08

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