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What is the wisdom behind declaring Idolatry as a cardinal sin in Judaism? What is wrong if the true God as well as some other person\Object is worshipped along with him as long as he is not leaving the worship of the God of Israel?

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by definition, the "God of Israel" concept precludes there being anything else worthy of worship. To add in another object of prayer is to reduce the concept of the God of Israel. –  Danno May 11 at 13:24
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why so many downvotes? seems like a legitimate question –  ray May 12 at 10:36

2 Answers 2

You make it sound like somebody declared idolatry to be a cardinal sin.

But it was Gcd Himself who declared so - nobody made up the rules, we got them from Gcd.

Note that the first 2 of the 10 commandments are:

  1. To believe that only He runs the world (so it makes no sense to worship anything else)
  2. One may not worship anything else besides for Gcd Himself.

By worshiping anything else you are trying to degrade the Uniqueness and Power of Gcd, by equating him - at some level - to the other item(s) you worship. This is affront to Gcd which He declares (in the 10 commandments) that he will punish severely.

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The question is asking the wisdom behind declaring idolatory a sin –  user5316 May 11 at 16:22
    
@adel We do not claim to know the reasons behind the commandments but this one has a pretty intuitive explanation. By worshipping another god, one automatically asserts that he does not believe in the one God in a complete way because if he did there would be no room for other gods –  Daniel May 11 at 16:44
    
The wisdom is the wisdom of the Almighty which is infinitely greater than any human wisdom! –  Avrohom Yitzchok May 11 at 21:14

The reason God considers it a capital offense is because it is incompatible with Judaism. i.e. Once you start worshipping other than God, the foundations of torah observance falls apart. You now have several masters. You cannot fully place your trust and hopes in God and therefore cannot worship Him properly

Here's a quote from the shaar yichud of chovos halevavos (start of intro)

After investigating after what is the most necessary of the cornerstones and fundamentals of our religion, we found that the wholehearted acceptance of the unity of G-d is the root and foundation of Judaism. It is the first of the gates of the torah, and it differentiates between the believer and the heretic. It is the head and front of religious truth, and one who strays from it - will not be able to perform religious deeds and his faith will not endure.

Even so, some sins are actually worse than idolatry but are nevertheless not capital offenses. Being hypocritical in one's service is in some sense worse, but at least it is not totally incompatible with Judaism. You have to start somewhere. Here's a quote on this from Chovos Halevavos gate 5:

Similarly we can say for the idol worshipper, that ignorance of G-d is what brings him to this (he hopes to get benefit or protection from the idol). However, the idol worshipper is to be preferred over the flatterer (hypocrite) in the following four ways:

(1) In our times, there are no prophets which can perform miracles to clarify to the idol worshipper his faulty outlook, but the flatterer in G-d's torah (who performs the service of G-d to impress people, as above), there are grounds for a claim against him, since he undertook the commandments to serve G-d alone and undertook the prohibitions not to serve someone else (than G-d).

(2) The idolater worships something which does not rebel against G-d (sun, moon, stars), but the flatterer in G-d's torah worships a human being who rebels against G-d as well as one who does not rebel against Him.

(3) The idolater worships one thing alone, whereas for the flatterer, there is no limit to those he worships.

(4) The idolater's status is visible for all to see, and people guard themselves from him due to public knowledge of his denial of G-d's existence. But the flatterer's denial is not visible, and people trust in him, therefore he is more likely to damage them (influence them with his false beliefs) than the idol worshipper.

One can apply the same idea to explain the capital punishment incurred for adultery or incest. These things are incompatible with a torah society and if left to go rampant will irreparably ruin it.

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