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How have the various groups and movements (like chassidism, Modern Orthodox, Conservative, etc) within Judaism evolved?

For example I'm looking for the following except starting with Judaism and with the other forms of Judaism. I'm looking for a sort of "family tree", ideally with dates.

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@MonicaCellio, I thought Jewish history questions were off-topic. – Seth J May 5 '14 at 16:03
@Seth, history of Judaism is on-topic. Random history that happens to involve Jews isn't. – Monica Cellio May 5 '14 at 16:06
@MonicaCellio, ah. – Seth J May 5 '14 at 16:12
@MonicaCellio, then this is rather unclear: On the other hand, questions unrelated to Judaism, even if they are about... •other religions •Hebrew language •Jews, Jewish history, and Israel ... (examples) are generally off-topic. – Seth J May 5 '14 at 16:13

1 Answer 1

up vote 5 down vote accepted

Here's a quick chart I made, based on my own knowledge.

It flows chronologically from top-to-bottom, and is not drawn to scale. (Horizontal axis is meaningless.) Bold boxes are groups that are still around today. Italic boxes are general categories. Dashed lines indicate unknown or disputed; Curved lines indicate indirect relationship. Dates are approximate, and the arrow-boxes with dates indicate the beginning of that period, as most of those eras extend through the present day. For 1900 CE - Present day: This chart is only applicable for Judaism in America, as it developed differently in Europe and Israel. This chart is a gross oversimplification and there are probably mistakes. If you think I got something wrong, please comment.

Without further ado:

Judaism Flow Chart

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I don't know how to represent this, but the Orthodox (capital-O) movement didn't arise until there was something to respond to, specifically Reform and Conservative (not sure which was immediately prior). That said, orthodoxy has been around for approximately forever. – Monica Cellio May 5 '14 at 19:27
@MonicaCellio, Conservative was a later reaction to Reform than capital-O Orthodox. I believe that "Orthodox" was a term coined in Germany, while the Conservative Movement was founded later, in America. – Isaac Moses May 5 '14 at 19:30
@monica Conservative was a reaction to Reform - they felt they'd gone too far.… | I placed Orthodox and Reform on the same line, since they came about within a few decades of each other, and trying to be more precise requires getting into more depth than can be represented with boxes and lines. – Shmuel May 5 '14 at 19:36
Edited humanist and reconstructionist. "In its current form, Humanistic Judaism was founded in 1963 by Rabbi Sherwin Wine.[2][3] As a rabbi trained in Reform Judaism..." – Shmuel May 5 '14 at 19:54
Thanks for the edits. (I knew that C was a reaction to R, but wasn't sure if it came before or after O's reaction to R or if C or O reacted to each other. It was a messy few decades, I understand.) Thanks also for the info about Humanist origins; didn't know that. I think all of R, Rc, C, and H feed into post-denominational, but that last is so new & fuzzy that it's hard to say. But, e.g., Hebrew College draws students from all of those, or did a few years ago when I visited. – Monica Cellio May 5 '14 at 20:14

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