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During winter months, we say "You make the wind blow and the rain fall". During the summer, we say only "You make the dew fall." Why don't we include the beginning part about blowing the wind? I noticed that during Tefillat Tal on the 1st day of Pesach, we say the full phrase Mashiv Haru'ach umorid hatal. Why is that the only exception?

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Because dew doesn't require wind, whereas rainstorms, especially in Israel, do. (Dew forms from condensation, rain requiers clouds which need to get blown by the wind.) I don't know why there is an exception for the first time. Maybe as a transition. –  Shmuel Apr 28 at 19:08
    
Great answer! Thanks! If I'm not mistaken, dew forms similar to fog. If thre is too much wind, there is no dew. We don't ask God to perform "unusual" miracles. –  DanF Apr 28 at 19:17
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Actually there is a Machlokes regarding this. There are some Chasidim (Munkatch, Zidichoiv and others) that do say Mashiv HaRuach Umorid Hatal during the summer months. –  Gershon Gold Apr 28 at 19:31
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Who's "we"? [15] –  Double AA Apr 28 at 20:27
    
I say the full version. –  josh waxman Apr 29 at 10:29

2 Answers 2

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The Aruch Hashulchan OC 114:1 writes that "generally speaking wind brings clouds from which rain falls and therefore we mention them together". Being that wind is not directly associated with the gathering of dew it is not mentioned together. However, Shulchan Aruch OC 114 does state that if one mentions "mashiv haruach" in the summer he does not have to repeat the prayer.

The mention of ruach in Teffilas Tal seems to be in order to fill the meter of the poem.

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Because dew doesn't require wind, whereas rainstorms, especially in Israel, do. (Dew forms from condensation, but rain requires clouds which need to get blown by the wind.)

I don't know why there is an exception for the first time. Maybe as a transition.

No sources, sorry.

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