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Among the failed potential Messiah's was Bar Kochba who was backed by Rabbi Akiva.

What do we know about him? Was he a disciple of Beit Hillel or Beit Shamai or someone else for example?

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Are you also looking for academic sources, or just traditional? – Shmuel Apr 28 '14 at 19:35
preferably from chazal – ray Apr 28 '14 at 19:41
Regarding identifying individuals as from Beis Hillel or Beis Shamai, see this question. – Fred Apr 29 '14 at 19:59
up vote 4 down vote accepted

The most extensive discussion of Bar Kochba in Chazal is in Eicha Rabbasi 2:4.

He is also mentioned in Sanhedrin 93b

Your specific question - was he a disciple of Beit Hillel or Beit Shamai - is not dealt with in those sources, though I believe that those academies no longer existed at the time of the rebellion.

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