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The Torah tells us G-d brought Adam into Gan Eden after his creation from earth (Bereishis 2:15). If this is the case where was Adam created?

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3 Answers 3

Targum Pseudo Jonathan to Genesis 2:15,

ודבר השם אלקים ית אדם מן טור פולחנא אתר דאתבריא מתמן ואשריה בגינוניתא דעדן...‏

And God took Adam from the mountain of worship, the place from which he was created, and put him in the Garden of Eden

Pirush Yonatan says this refers to mount Moriah, the Temple Mount

Targum Pseudo Jonathan Genesis 22:2, referring to ארץ מוריה‏, land of Moriah,

ארע פולחנא

land of worship


ואזל יצחק לטוור פולחנא אתר דכפתיה אבוי

And Isaac went to the mountain of worship, the place where his father bound him

Targum on Chronicles II 3:1, bearing in mind that it is likely of different authorship than the Pseudo Jonathan, describes where Solomon built the Temple,

בירושלם בטור מוריה באתר דפלח וצלי אברהם תמן בשמא דהשם הוא אתר ארע פולחנא... ותמן אסיק אברהם ית יצחק בריה...‏

In Jerusalem on Mount Moriah in the place where Abraham worshiped and prayed there in the name of God, it was the place the land of worship... And there Abraham brought up Isaac his son...

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Realize that those Targumin to Genesis and Chronicles were likely from different authors –  Double AA Mar 26 '14 at 20:48
Rambam writes that it is a tradition that he was created from the earth of the temple mount. –  mevaqesh Feb 23 at 18:26
@mevaqesh Thanks! That would be a valuable source to edit in, do you have a citation? –  Baby Seal Feb 23 at 23:42

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 38(a-b) says:

אמר רב אושעיא משמיה דרב: אדם הראשון גופו מבבל, וראשו מארץ ישראל, ואבריו משאר ארצות, עגבותיו א"ר אחא מאקרא דאגמא

Adam's body was created from earth of Babel (which is why it is so low - the depression was created by molding his body), his head from the land of Israel, his limbs from all other countries, etc.

Medrash: Adam was created from earth from all over, so that he (and his descendants; mankind) would be able to decompose no matter where they died.

This composition was then placed in Gan Eden.

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This answers from where or what he was created, not where he was created. –  Baby Seal Mar 26 '14 at 17:15

I have a secondary source reference for you from Mircea Eliade's 'Cosmos and History', Bollingen, 1959, p 17:

According to the Syrian Book of the Cave of Treasures, Adam was created at the center of the earth, at the same spot where the Cross of Christ was later to be set up. The same traditions have been preserved by Judaism. The Jewish apocalypse and a midrash state that Adam was formed in Jerusalem.

Note: Wensinck, p. 14; Sir E. A. Wallis Budge, The Book of the Cave of Treasures (trans, from the Syriac, London, 1927), p. 53; Oskar Daehnhardt, Natursagen, I (Leipzig, 1909), p. 112; Burrows, "Some Cosmological Patterns in Babylonian Religion," in The Labyrinth, ed. S. H. Hooke (London, 1935), p. 57.

Others on here may be able to link the above up with a primary source for you.

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