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If one drops tefillin without their cover, they must fast or give charity (Kitzur Shulchan Aruch - Yalkut Yosef, Siman 44:2). If one is wearing tefillin and fell with them on, must one fast or give charity? Maybe, if the person fell and not the tefillin, they would not be required to.

Would the halacha change if the tefillin itself touched the ground when the person fell?

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Why would you assume this to be different than if the tefillin themselves fell? –  Jewels Apr 29 '14 at 12:30
@jewels I think my answer below addresses your question –  Nafkamina Feb 17 at 14:30

2 Answers 2

There is a famous Beis Halevi who discusses the question of when there are two people heading for the same entrance, we have a halacha that applies to seforim and respectable people (see brachos beg. of shlosha she'achlu maybe a couple of blatt in...) that there is kedima for a sefer or other tashmishei kedusha. the beis halevi's asks, what would the halacha be if one person was holding a pair of teffilin and one person was wearing the teffilin, who goes first? basing himself on the mishna in negaim (chap. 13) he rules that the one holding the teffilin goes first instead of the one wearing the teffilin. because wearing something is not considered holding it. thus one could conjecture based of this Beis Halevi that when falling your not "dropping" the teffilin rather YOU are falling.

Qouted Beis Halevi...enter image description here

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Can you do us a favor, and type up an English summary of what you copied here? Not everyone can read that picture you posted. –  Shokhet Feb 12 at 2:26

As far as I know (and it's not too far), if someone is sick, G-d forbid, he is allowed to put tefilin sitting or layed down. Maybe falling would fit in this category, of a quick sickness in wich it is allowed to wear tefilin during that short period of time. But ask your rabbi for a truly reliable answer.

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welcome to Mi Yodea! When answering questions sources are most valuable. Opinions without supporting sources don't really help anyone and might be very wrong. –  Yoni May 8 '14 at 21:54

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