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Why is Tzom Gedalya known as Tzom Gedalya and Taanis Esther as Taanis Esther. Why not Taanis Gedalya or Tzom Esther?

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one discussion with an answer regarding the distinction fresh.co.il/vBulletin/showthread.php?t=551149 –  Danno Feb 26 at 15:55
    
It often is referred to as Tzom Esther in classical sources. –  Double AA Feb 26 at 17:32
    
more specifically Tzom Megillah, in Siddur Rasag –  Efraim Feb 26 at 23:22

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Tzom is the word used most often in Biblical Hebrew to mean "fast" (such as in Isaiah in Esther); the word Taanis doesn't appear until the Book of Ezra, which was later (about two hundred years after Isaiah).

Hence, Tzom Gedalya is called Tzom because it is mentioned in Tanakh (Zechariah 8:19), while Taanis Esther uses the more modern term Taanis because it was established much later (after the closing of the Talmud in the 5th century CE).

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Is this your own guess? –  Double AA Feb 26 at 17:21
    
Yes, but it seems pretty logical. –  Ypnypn Feb 26 at 17:25
    
@Ypnypn FYI Taanis is mentioned in Ezra 9:5 and Tzom is mentioned in Esther eg 4:3 and 9:31. –  Avrohom Yitzchok Feb 26 at 19:42
    
Ok but Ezra is about the same time as Esther. –  Double AA Feb 26 at 21:27
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I don't know what the instance in Ezra refers to, but in Biblical Hebrew ענה meant any affliction, whereas צומ meant abstaining from food. Later, ענה started being used as synonym for צומ. –  Ypnypn Feb 27 at 0:29

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