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In Masheches Megillah 15a at the bottom Rav Chisda brings a teaching on the passuk in the megilah 5:13 that Mordichai came with his wealth and Haman came with his poorness as Rashi explains the situation:

וזה בא בפרוזבולי. מרדכי בא אליו בטענת עושר המן בא בטענת עוני שמכר המן את עצמו למרדכי קודם לכן ימים רבים בככרי לחם

Haman was poor and sold himself as a slave to Mordichai for bread.

We see that Haman was willing to give 10,000 talents of silver which is alot of money,where did he get it all from if he was a pauper?

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2 Answers

According to Pirkei De'Rebbi Eliezer (Chapter 50), he got his wealth by looting all the treasure houses of the kings of Yehuda and the Kodshei Kedoshim (Holy of Holies):

רבי פנחס אומר שני עשירים היו לפנים בעולם, קרח בישראל והמן בשושן . . שלקח כל אוצרות מלכי יהודה ואת כל אוצרות קדשי הקדשים

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The legend is that Haman was not poor, he was impecunious.

Haman and Mordechai were both generals of Achashverosh and Haman ran out of provisions. Mordechai split his provisions on condition that Haman become Mordechai's slave.

Although Haman had a lot of money in his bank account, he was poor in the field.

Source: The only written source I know of is this really good children's book that incorporates every midrash about purim in the book. It is called "Purim Spiel"

The book http://www.jewishaustralia.com/shop/shop_images/thumbnail/1913.gif

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Isn't that the Gemora quoted in the question? Can you clarify what you are trying to add? –  Michoel Feb 23 at 7:11
    
The Gemara cited by OP doesn't include the situation in which Haman became (temporarily) poor –  Clint Eastwood Feb 23 at 13:39
    
+1 but tracking down that source would really make this better. –  YEZ Feb 23 at 20:04
    
I also remember that the record of Haman becoming enslaved was carved into the sole of Mordechai's boot. here is another (unsourced) reference jewishheritageconnection.org/jhcsitedoc_193.htm –  Clint Eastwood Feb 24 at 5:03
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