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Unfortunately, the Talmud and other writings have been subject to censorship since their completion. These alterations seem still to be present in many modern editions of the Talmud.

How comprehensive is our knowledge of the censorship of the Talmud? Are their any overt currents in censored parts of the Talmud that can / have been used to discover alterations?

For example, one of the instances I cited above interchanged Min and Sadduccee. As both of those terms refer to heretical sects (Min being early christian to my knowledge), it seems like, absent an earlier source, it would be pretty difficult to notice the change. Are other instances more obvious in some way?

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hebrewbooks.org/22221 – Efraim Feb 7 '14 at 20:16
@Efraim that source is missing important words from Rashi about the origins of the Catholic Church, Jon, and Simon Peter, on Avodah Zarah 10a – Baby Seal Feb 9 '14 at 18:00
I'm sure, though not certain, most new prints, like vagshal and oz v'hadar include the missing Rashi's, and I bet dikdukei soefrim may also bring the missing words. – Efraim Feb 9 '14 at 18:34
This is almost a duplicate of judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/35332/talmudic-censorship – Danny Schoemann Apr 29 '14 at 14:57
@DannySchoemann They are completely separate questions based on the same fact. One is asking about the nature of changes and one is asking why we don't fix it. – Y ez Apr 29 '14 at 20:40

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