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Is one allowed to study other religions? If not, how is one supposed to know that Judaism is correct? If yes, is such study encouraged?

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Rashi gives an answer to this in sefer Vayikra...the exact place and answer eludes me at the moment... –  andrewmh20 Mar 13 at 14:03
    
What if, all forms of monotheistic religions were forms of Judaism or the one true religion? Just something to think about, not trying to start a conversation here. –  Dan Andrews Mar 14 at 18:12
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3 Answers

Is one allowed to study other religions?

Mishne Tora, Avoda Zara 2:2 says the study of books on how to worship idols, written by their worshipers, is forbidden. Beyond that I don't know.

If not, how is one supposed to know that Judaism is correct?

The premise here seems to be that one cannot know Judaism is correct except by eliminating other religions. But that can't be, as no one has the time to eliminate every other (existing or possible) religion! Rather, it must be we know Judaism is correct because of internal, as opposed to comparative, reasons.

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So one is allowed to read books on atheism, because those question if Judaism is true internally instead of comparatively? –  Ish Ploni ViKohen Feb 5 at 14:21
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@IshPloniViKohen, that doesn't follow from what I wrote; and I don't know. –  msh210 Feb 5 at 19:16
    
I agree with @msh210 that one cannot prove Judaism's correctness by comparison, but I would add that one cannot construct a purely internal proof either without the logical chain containing at least one "leap of faith". Regardless how your question on permissibility is answered, one cannot prove Judaism correct to emperical scientific standards. You could read archaeology books giving evidence of the Exodus or Rambam using Aristotelian proofs or atheists providing purely naturalistic answers, but ultimately one has to look at what they know of the world and say "I believe". –  Mike Mar 13 at 22:36
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The Rambam (Avodah Zarah 2:2) prohibits studying from the works of Avodah Zara (and other forms of heresy), and this is codified in the Shulchan Aruch (Yoreh Deah 139). Rav Moshe Feinstein (Yoreh Deah 2:53) says that one is allowed to study religions that no longer exist, as in ancient mythologies, because everyone today knows how foolish they are.

I've heard based on an interpretation of the Sefer Hachinuch (Introduction and Mitzvah 213) that the reason for this prohibition is that despite the fact that the Torah is absolute truth, we in out foolishness might come to be swayed by erroneous claims of heretics. Therefore, God did us the favor, so to speak, of prohibiting these works so that we don't waste our time trying to figure out whether their claims have any merit.

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Rabbi Moshe Feinstein instituted a ban on the study of evolution.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_views_on_evolution#Moshe_Feinstein

presumably because it could lead people who rely on their limited views astray (like you seem to be)

The mishna in Megila ch.4 calls heretics "Chitzonim", which the bartenura defines as those who trust their own intellect over those of the sages.

You ask how can one know whether his religion is the truth. But how much of Judaism have you really understood? the Moray Nevuchim alone with the shem tov commentary can take a lifetime to properly understand (and this requires proper guidance).

I recommend you go speak to some big wise Rabbi about your doubts in emuna.

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Thanks for the link to the thorough and fascinating Wikipedia article! If the OP wants to study something, he would be well-served to study from the en.wikipedia.org/wiki/… section instead of going afield and studying Christianity or Buddhism. At least that would strengthen his faith, rather than destroy it. –  Mike Mar 13 at 22:52
    
@Mike well said. some people are looking for an excuse to go off though, whether or not they realize it. i hope he's not one of those. –  ray Mar 16 at 14:02
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