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The prevalent מנהג is that women do not get drunk on Purim. I assume this due to tznius (modesty) concerns. Is there any ancient or recent source that explicitly discusses women not/yes drinking on Purim?

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Rav Shmuel Kamenetsky in Kovetz Halchos pg 129 writes that a woman is obligated to drink a rivies of wine on Purim,and she can fulfill this obligation with grape juice(see footnote231).

In footnote 230 he holds that since women are obligated in all the mitzvos if the day they are also obligated in drinking a little wine,but to drink alot of wine is an issur and degrading for women like it says in Kesuvos 65a.The Kehillos Yaakov in Orchos Rabbeinu 3:97 paskens the same.

see also Rivevos Ephraim 7:210,and other tshuvos of his in chelek 1,and 4(don't remember siman)

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Ever seen a drunk man vomit? Its degrading for him too... –  Double AA Feb 5 at 2:14
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I saw in one of the Rivevos that a woman doesn't bench on a cos because it is a genai,so he made a kal vchomer if by a mitzva of a cos is pushed aside then drinking certainly can be pushed aside,something along those lines –  sam Feb 5 at 2:21
    
Who said women dont bentch on a kos? Ive seen many women do that at the seder. –  Double AA Feb 5 at 2:29
    
@doubleaa ,see Sharei Tzion 6 ,see also Rivevos Ephraim 1:458 at end hebrewbooks.org/… –  sam Feb 5 at 2:38
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The Talmud in Pesahim says that Gd hates one who gets drunk. Go figure. –  Baby Seal Mar 12 at 0:06
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The following sources indicate that though women are included in all the mitzvos of the day of Purim (Megillah 4a, Pri Megadim Eishel Avraham 695:14) this does not include drinking:

Rivevos Ephraim 1:458, 4:173:10, 53, Mekadesh Yisroel Purim 334, Moadim V’zemanim (Rav Moshe Shternbuch shlitah) 2:190, Natei Gavriel Purim 73:4, Shevet HaLevi 10:18:2, Shulchan Aruch Hamekutzar 123:footnote 19. See Shaar Hatzion 199:6.


Source: Halachically Speaking 10:3 page 12 (pdf)

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But Megillah 4a (your source) doesn't distinguish between the different mitzvot. –  Double AA Mar 13 at 17:05
    
@DoubleAA true, that distinction is made by the 7 sources quoted following the first sentence. –  deja-jew Mar 13 at 17:07
    
...all from the last 150 years. You think someone would've thought to note that distinction before then? –  Double AA Mar 13 at 17:07
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According to Rabbi Efrayim Greenblat (a student of Rabbi Moshe Feinstein), in his work Rivevot Efrayim, it is inappropriate for a woman to drink intoxicating beverages, even on Purim.

Source: Rivevot Efrayim (1:458), taken from http://www.dailyhalacha.com/Display.asp?PageIndex=&ClipID=1596

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Back in the day people drank wine like we drink water. When did this prohibition begin? –  Double AA Mar 13 at 16:56
    
What about Dalet Kosot? –  Double AA Mar 13 at 17:40
    
This seems a duplicate of part of this preexisting answer. I recommend you delete it therefore, MarkN. –  msh210 Mar 13 at 17:40
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Women drinking is generally discouraged. In Kesubos 65a the Gemara discusses giving a widow wine. Rashi says the reason we do not is that it increases sexual desire. However, if she is used to it, the Gemara says that it doesn't affect her (so we do give her).

This means that an amount not reasonably assumed to affect her is okay, but not more. I think that it is a reasonable assessment that purim drinking exceeds that threshold.

Maybe the Gemara itself never included women. It says chayav inash--a man is obligated... Maybe that's just Purim Torah...maybe not.

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Why do you think "man" is used davka instead of just as "human"? –  Double AA Feb 5 at 2:11
    
It's not meant to be definitive, but otherwise it would say Adam, the typical term for human. It's a diyuk which is only sensible after one already has an answer. –  Ish Ploni ViKohen Feb 5 at 2:43
    
I usually call those: bad diyukim. –  Double AA Feb 5 at 20:44
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