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Jeroboam is said to hail from Ephraim (Kings I 11:26), and Baasa from Issachar (15:27).

I understand mention of Jeroboam's Tribe, given Ahijah the Shilonite's prophecy about his potential enduring dynasty (11:29-39), but why is Baasa, a usurping general's Tribe mentioned?

And once Baasa's Tribe is mentioned, while I can understand the omission of the Tribes of kings such as Zimri (16:15) or Shallum (Kings II 15:13), whose reigns were fleetingly short, why not mention the Tribes of Omri, Jehu, Menahem, Pekah, or Hosea, who reigned for some years and oftentimes had dynasties?

Are there any sources that mention the Tribes of other1 kings in the Northern Kingdom, and why are some King's Tribes mentioned in verses, while others' are not?

(A genealogy for reference)


1. Jehu was from Menashe, (Gen Rabah 97:5), Omri was from Ephraim, (Tanhuma Vayehi 6). Still looking for others though!

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The Mesivta Talmud on Gittin 81a [2] says in footnotes that Hosea was from Reuben. I think this is a mistake though, because Hosea son of Beeri, aka Beerah was from Reuben acc. to Yalkut Shimoni: tsel.org/torah/yalkutsh/treesar.html#A1819. That is Hosea the prophet, not the king. –  Baby Seal Jan 23 at 21:57
    
Re the bounty. If you can come up with something that holds together, but isn't sourced, by all means do so! –  Baby Seal Jan 27 at 4:24
    
Hoshea the prophet was indeed from Reuven, not sure about the king. –  gt6989b Feb 2 at 2:02
    
I just saw a source that says that from Shallum be Jabesh onward, "kingship" ceased in Israel and it just became a series of coups that did have much significance. Will post answer once I can cite that properly. –  Baby Seal Jun 2 at 14:29

1 Answer 1

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These are merely my own thoughts.

The calves erected by Jeroboam in Bethel and Dan, were a Machievellian tactic to prevent the people from going into Judah for the Festivals, seeing the discrepancy between him and the Judaic King, and consequently rejoining the Southern Kingdom (Sanhedrin 101b). He also forbade outright the Biblical commandemnt to travel to the Temple for the Festivals. His son Nadab followed his father's example. Even his other son Abijah, who defied his father and allowed passage (moed katan 28b), was killed by Gd while he was still a lad, because Gd wanted him to die while he was still righteous, before he turned to the sins of His father (Zohar chadash 20a).

After Jeroboam's catastrophic fall from his righteous beginning, Baasa was Israel's last hope for relinquishing this political facade, and returning to the ways of Gd, as the third king of Israel. After him, Zimri seized the throne for seven days, and Omri and Tivni struggled for the rulership of a kingdom that had already seen a terrible trend of Idolatry from three different kings, a hazakah.

Perhaps Baasa's tribe was mentioned for this reason. I feel it is also significant that he came from Issachar, of all places, who tribe was defined by an expertise with and a love of the Torah and its laws (Yoma 26a, also the Midrash Rabah). Maybe the other ruling tribes were not mentioned because while they did nothing to rectify the machinations of their predecessor, Jeroboam, they arrived on the throne in a state of Idolatry, so to preserve their tribes' dignities for later generations, their origins were omitted.

Moderate support for this theory of mine can be found in Kings II 17, were Hosea, an Idolater himself, is deemed noteworthy for being the only Northern King to remove the guard posts and permit the people to go to the Temple (Gittin 88a). His tribe is not mentioned, because he worshipped Idols himself, but he is still alloted some merit for at last allowing Israel to follow the Torah and go to the Temple for the Festivals.

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