Is the Shehechiyanu bracha recited when eating an esrog fruit? Is seasonal needed?
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Kovaitz Bais Aharon V'Yisroel 103 has the following roundup.
Orach Chaim 225:6 a fruit that does not regenerate yearly, you do not make a Shehechiyanu on it. Mishna Berura 225:6:16 says this is for example a Esrog. Mishna Berura 225:6:16:19 refers to the Shaarei Efraim and Mor Uketziya.
However Kaf Efraim 225:43 in the name of the Shaar Efraim says one would make a Shehechiyanu upon eating from an Esrog.
The Sefer Pri HaAdama 1:26 questions the Be'er Hataiv for mentioning in the name of the Shaar Efraim that would not make a Shehechiyanu upon eating a Esrog.
Ben Ish Chai Parshas Re'eh 11 says one should not say Shehechiyanu when eating Esrog since the Shehechiyanu we make on it when we shake it on Succos includes eating it during the year.
Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky used to make a Shehechiyanu when he ate it, however in the more recent years he stopped.
The Piskei Tshuvos 225:17:footnote 124 brings many shittos who say not to make a shecheyanu.A few: Sidur Yaavetz ,Eishal Avraham,Leket Yosher and more.
Some reasons brought are ,its not fit to eat unless its fried and one can't tell between old and new.One already made a brachah on it during the time of its mitzvah and got pleasure from its sight.Another reason is it is not a fruit from year to year because it can last longer than a year on a tree. See it inside if available to you.
The sefer תהלה לדוד discusses at length the various opinions about reciting שהחיינו when eating an esrog, and at the end, he concludes:
Nor any bracha at all! It is forbidden to eat.
Because it is poison. In order to make it look so lovely, they dip it in a bunch of toxic chemicals.