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1)He was not an Arul until Hashem commanded so there was no Mitzvah to do it.

2) With no Command it is against Halacha to wound yourself

3) Since it is a Bris means convent it requires two Parties so until Hashem commanded him there was no second Party to make a Bris with

4)Rav Nissan Alpert suggests Avram did Kiruv he had to relate to others if they knew he was DIFFERENT then he would lose his ability to relate to all men so he waited once he had to have a son Hashem commanded him him since now his position as father took precedence.

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Items 1–3 don't really answer why Hashem didn't command him earlier: they only explain why he didn't do it before Hashem commanded him. Item 4 does answer the question, but do you have a source for it? – msh210 Oct 20 '10 at 16:17

The Midrash Tanchuma on parshas Lech Lecha (י"ז) says:

Why was he (Avraham) circumcised only at the age of 99? To teach converts; that if a man comes to convert he should not say “I am an old man, so how can I convert?” He should rather learn from Avraham who circumcised himself at the age of 99!

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